Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), an NGO concerned with social justice and governance, has criticized ‘the failure of the government to exercise due diligence to prevent the continuing violence and unnecessary loss of lives’.
In a statement by its  executive director, Adetokunbo Mumuni, the group ascribed the Christmas day bombings to government’s failures.
“This failure constitutes a serious breach of the government’s international obligations to protect and ensure protection of the citizens’ right to life and the security of human person.”
According to the organization, “The Nigerian government is required under human rights treaties, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to which it is a state party, to keep its citizens safe, ranging from the threat of communal violence to sectarian violence.”
“It is the duty of the government to protect human life against unwarranted actions by public authorities as well as by private persons. The right to security includes how the government protects the physical integrity of its citizens from abuse by other citizens,” the organisation said.
“We are concerned that the constant and widespread killings and lack of security in the country constitute a gross violation of human rights, and may amount to crimes against humanity.”
The organization also said that, “In failing to provide adequate security for the citizens and to prevent, investigate and punish perpetrators of these attacks, the Nigerian authorities are failing in their duty under the Constitution and international human rights law and standards to exercise due diligence to respect, protect, and fulfil the victims’ right to life and security of person.
“We therefore urge President Goodluck Jonathan to demonstrate greater level of leadership and authority to ensure that his government is able to discharge the basic obligation to protect the right to life and security of the person and the right to property throughout the country.”

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