Boko Haram Plc or Foretelling the Balkanization of Nigeria, By Adeolu Ademoyo

Adeolu Ademoyo

With the Jos bombing and other bombings, it is obvious that we need to turn the page to reflection time. And this reflection time starts with the political Plc, the terrorist business venture called Boko Haram. The signs and evidences show that a political business consortium is in charge of the evil and dark business of death here, and we may be nearing the gradual maturity of the balkanization of the country.

Nigerians must not forget that MEND, Mujahid Dokubo-Asari’s Niger Delta Peoples Volunteer Force, and the band of marauding creek terrorists gave us the first terrorist copy book. For example, the response of MEND’s Jomo Gbomo to President Jonathan’s Democracy Day Speech on terrorism shows the twin relationship between the Boko Haram savannah terrorism and creek terrorism.

Hear Gbomo “Our attention was drawn to your (President Jonathan) olive branch where you said ‘Our doors remain open to them, (aggrieved armed groups) for dialogue and reconciliation if they (?) renounce terrorism (armed struggle) and embrace peace…’ MEND’s Gbomo continued, “As Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States said ‘Wars are, of course, as a rule to be avoided; but they are far better than certain kinds of peace,’”’ (Premiumtimes, May 30, 2014). It is instructive that MEND responded even when Boko Haram was the immediate focus of President Jonathan’s Democracy Day Speech.

With an evil precedent from the creek, Boko Haram Plc has thus perfected the creek terrorism copybook and advanced the frontiers of terrorism in Nigeria to higher heights as a business investment to negotiate political power and distribution of economic resources. Boko Haram is a savannah replication of creek terrorism in its most evil form.

Beside the fact that it is silly and thoughtless to ever think anyone can Islamize or Christianize Nigeria, Boko Haram Plc does not espouse Islam because its business is not religion. Its business is politics, commerce and business.  Its overt and covert associates in Nigeria’s political class across the parties are not interested in Islam or any religion. Any interest they show in religion is tenuous and it is meant to harass and negotiate for political power and economic resources.

Therefore, given the evidences and data before us, if care is not taken, the choices may ultimately be a re-thinking of the country or a disorderly and lawless balkanization.

We can glean the omens of balkanization from the tweets of the bombed dead, the lamentations of the bombed families of the dead, the weakness of the bombed Nigerian state under President Jonathan, and the reticence and resignation of the rest of us who are waiting to be bombed. All these mandate a re-thinking of the country- position I maintain   purely from a global African standpoint.

As a black person, a person of African descent, it is challenging to continue to defend a country or community where some stone age forces (Boko Haram and their over and covert sponsors and associates) shut down schools and kill students, where humans are slaughtered gleefully in the 21st century like beasts, where school girls who would be our scientists and leaders in this century are supposedly bidding their time in the wombs of darkness called Boko Haram and their sponsors in Abuja, Maiduguri, Yola, Damaturu on one hand while we Nigerian people on the other hand have not collectively marched on Boko Haram and terminate it or ask the Commander in Chief to leave if he cannot command anything.

Re-thinking Boko Haram, to be mild it is very difficult to accept the proposition of Boko Haram, their overt and covert associates and sponsors that education and enlightenment is haram.  In this regard, those who want to argue that we should see Boko Haram as a “national” problem, which therefore absolves local and regional players from responsibility, will have to do a critical re-think.

For example, I am a parent. Whatever happens to our children is the responsibility of mom and I prior to their contact with the community where my family live. This is called a universal moral principle of contiguity or contiguous moral relations.  In other words, I am responsible to my family, to my neighbors on my street; to the town or city I live, to people in my local government, to my state, to my country and to the world at large.

The moral principle of contiguity is basic whether you are tall or short, ugly, beautiful or handsome.  So you know your contiguous neighbors, more than non-contiguous fellow members of same community.  This is basic in elementary ethics. Hence, this moral principle has nothing to do with religion, race or ethnicity. It is just what it is.

This analogy shows why Boko Haram cannot just be flippantly and unreflectively said to be a “national” problem only. It is first a local problem, and then both a local and national problem to the extent that the Nigerian state has the duty and obligation of national security and defense. But to simply say it is a Nigerian national problem only is to ambush the truth. That Boko Haram is both a local and national problem is not contradictory. And the latter should not be privileged in order to screen off responsibility of political forces that are driving this evil at the local and regional levels.

For example, if the social is advanced as part of the reasons for Boko Haram’s terrorism, then members of Nigerian political class at that local level must first be accountable (before any other stratum of the political class) for what they did with the available resources that led to mass destitution which is said to be the cause for the Boko Haram terrorism and insurgency. The issue of the legendary privatization and private pocketing of public resources by members of Nigerian political class at local levels must be on the able in this evil act by Boko Haram.

On this, a critical knowledge of Nigeria must impel us to reject two false propositions. The first false proposition is that Boko Haram and their civilian sponsors are not known. On the contrary, they are known. Those who should know, know. No one can know our children more than mom and I. We are the first point of knowledge. No bucks passed. They stop on our tables. Good and bad we take responsibility for the moral character of our children. That analogy is applicable to Boko Haram at local level. So Boko Haram plc is known. Either by act of omission or commission, Boko Haram is the baby of regional and local political players. They are not UKOs- un-identified or un-known killing objects.

The second false proposition is that all the bombings are done by those few individuals who started Boko Haram. On the contrary, like all terrorist groups in the country, such as MEND, Dokubo Asari’s Niger Delta Peoples Volunteer Force, the terrorist bands in the Niger Delta Creeks, Boko Haram Plc has become a consortium and a brand. Just as the creek terrorists used terrorism to negotiate for power and economic resources, Boko Haram Plc is using the copybook of the creek terrorists with some modification.

Therefore, individuals and groups who subscribe either rightly or wrongly to the agenda of power redistribution and redistribution of economic resources in the country, and, think that terrorism is the most potent tool to realize their agenda are part of the loose and close members of the Boko Haram consortium and brand. Nigerian peoples especially at local levels and the government know these individuals and groups.

This is why sadly; contrary to media reports not all of us are opposed to Boko Haram. The evidence is obvious. It is found in the loud silence and ambivalence in some quarters to the abduction of schoolgirls by one of the most heinous evils ever in humankind-Boko Haram.

No argument, rationale or narrative will ever justify or mildly “explain” or burnish the abduction of the Chibok schoolgirls. On this Boko Haram Plc, and their sponsors in Abuja, Maiduguri, Yola, Damaturu and other Nigerian communities have over reached themselves thereby putting their civilian sponsors and associates in the political class across all the political parties in big trouble and on the line. There is no argument about deprivation, destitution, lack of infrastructure etc that can justify and legitimise this evil. This is political.

Finally, I note that we may have different   understanding of evil. One person’s evil is another person’s virtue. One person’s terrorist is another person’s “freedom” fighter! But the mass pogrom of lives in Jos is beastly and grisly. The abduction of schoolgirls is morally  beneath humanity and beyond the border of humanity. It is evil through and through. You do not just do it-full stop! And to keep quiet and pass the buck is morally complicit.

And just as Boko Haram shuts down schools and kills student, they and their sponsors are shutting down the remaining space for any meaningful national and rational conversation.

It is a shut down of national conversation that potentially raises the need to quickly begin to re-think the country.  Therefore for any of us to keep quiet on this speaks volume. And for any group- civilian or terrorist- to use the abduction of schoolgirls to negotiate closes all forms and avenues of national conversation because the country can no longer continue in the old way as if nothing happened after this.

In the past, our country Nigeria was never attractive to foreigners except those companies coming here to raid and rake profits. Today we are worst than being ugly. No foreigner wants to come to our country. As professors, instructors and teachers we cannot lead foreign students to the country for straightforward “Foreign Study Abroad Programs”, which if we can would have added value, wealth, prestige and respect to our country.

Which foreign country will allow their kids to come near chambers and wombs of death as constructed by both the creek and savannah terrorists? This is a discourse some people-the Boko Haram Plc and their sponsors among us just do not understand so it is difficult to even dialogue with them on why and how our country is ugly. Hence, we need to take a decision whether we want a country befitting 21st century or we do not want it.

Therefore, if (i) we are not collectively and equally opposed to Boko Haram, (ii) if the Nigerian state under our Commander in Chief, President Jonathan is too weak to battle Boko Haram, ground it, terminate it, and scorch it, and (iii) if Boko Haram Plc consortium and its civilian collaborators among Nigerian political class are bent on using terrorism as a tool to renegotiate power and redistribute economic resources as their counter part in the creeks did, then the last option which is a re-understanding and a re-thinking  of Nigeria ought to be attractive to all of us.

A united country has to be built on a public ethics, which is open, consistently universalizable, and mutually and equitably applicable to one another, and not on some crude quest for private, personalized, regional power, economic resources and uncritical camaraderie.

Therefore, with clear rationality we need to look at this now before we are all consumed and forced into a   full-scale civil war-an undesirable and morally undesired consequence that will be unpleasant for all of us.

Adeolu Ademoyo aaa54@cornell.edu is of Africana Studies and Research Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.


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