Nigeria becoming less democratic; Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso ahead — Report

PU 03 st Matthew pry school ward 03 ijebu ijesha oriade lga voting still on at 3:35pm
An illustration of people voting during an election

Nigeria has dropped 18 decimal points since 2015 in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy index.

The country, which was scored 4.62 in 2015 scored a not-so-impressive 4.44 in the recently released 2018 study.

The Democracy Index reviews the state of democracy in 165 independent countries worldwide using five parameters: process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture.

Based on the performance of the countries in the five categories they are then classified into four regimes namely: full democracy”, “flawed democracy”, “hybrid regime” and “authoritarian regime”.

A full democracy is the best rating while authoritarian regime is rated the worst.

The country, which is Africa’s biggest democracy, scored the same point it in 2017 and was ranked 20 out of the 44 sub-Saharan African countries and 108 in the world.

Okowa Campaign AD

Nigeria was classified a hybrid regime, meaning it is a combination of democratic traits such as regular elections and autocratic ones, such as political repression. Nigeria was left languishing behind countries such as Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Kenya, Uganda (which has had the same ruler for 31 years), and Sierra Leone, who were ranked 19th, 18th, 17th, and 16th respectively.

In fact, in the West African sub-region and among member states of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Nigeria was among the poorest rated ranking only better above Togo, Guinea, Gabon, Niger, Côte d’Ivoire, and Gambia.

Cape Verde is the highest ranked ECOWAS country ranked second in Sub-Saharan Africa and 26 in the world with a score of 7.88. Ghana, with a score of 6.63 is ranked 6th in Sub-Saharan Africa and Senegal is ranked 8th with a score of 6.15 while neighbouring Benin is ranked a close 9th with a score of 5.74.

Other West Africa countries which ranked better than Nigeria, are Mali and Liberia.

This year’s report is the 11th edition of the Democracy Index.

“For the first time in three years, the global score for democracy remained stable. This result disguises some movement across regions and across categories,” the report, which rated Costa Rica as the most improved country last year, stated.

On the other hand, the report, rated Nicaragua poorly performed country, slipping from a flawed regime to authoritarian regime

“A total of 42 countries experienced a decline in their total score compared with 2017; 48 registered an increase in total score. But as a percentage of the world’s population, fewer people lived in some form of democracy (47.7%, compared with 49.3% in 2017).

“Very few of these (4.5%) were classified as living in a full democracy. Just over one-third of the population lived under authoritarian rule, with a large share represented by China,” the report claimed.

Support PREMIUM TIMES' journalism of integrity and credibility

 

Good journalism costs a lot of money. Yet only good journalism can ensure the possibility of a good society, an accountable democracy, and a transparent government.

For continued free access to the best investigative journalism in the country we ask you to consider making a modest support to this noble endeavour.

By contributing to PREMIUM TIMES, you are helping to sustain a journalism of relevance and ensuring it remains free and available to all.

Donate


NEVER MISS A THING AGAIN! Subscribe to our newsletter

* indicates required

DOWNLOAD THE PREMIUM TIMES MOBILE APP

Now available on

  Premium Times Android mobile applicationPremium Times iOS mobile applicationPremium Times blackberry mobile applicationPremium Times windows mobile application

TEXT AD: New Discovery! Click Here To See A Miracle Device That Can Cure DIABETES, BLOOD PRESSURE, STROKE, ARTHRITIS, PAINS, OBESITY And 50 Other CHRONIC DISEASES Without Drugs Or Herbs.. Click Here Now To See It


All rights reserved. This material and any other material on this platform may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, written or distributed in full or in part, without written permission from PREMIUM TIMES.