2.5 billion people lack access to basic sanitation globally — WHO

The toilet at the arrival lounge of the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, had no hand wash detergent as at 3 September 2014

The World Health Organisation, WHO, said on Wednesday in New Delhi, that an estimated 2.5 billion people around the world lack access to basic sanitation services.

Maria Neira, Director of WHO’s Department of Public Health and the Environment, said that this was knowing following the result of recent report including data from 94 countries to analyse challenges in water systems, sanitation and hygiene.

She said more than 1 billion people continue to practice open defecation, while additional 748 million people do not have ready access to an improved source of drinking water.

Also, of the 2.5 billion people who lack access to basic sanitation services, 792 million live in India.

Ms. Neira said that serious gaps in funding, especially in rural areas, were holding back progress in providing universal access to water and sanitation.

“Water and sanitation are essential to human health, political commitment to ensure universal access to these vital services is at an all-time high.

“International aid for the sector is on the rise, but we continue to see major financial gaps at the country level, particularly in rural areas,” she added.

Poonam Singh, WHO Regional Director, said the South-East Asia region, including India was home to a bulk of those who lack access to sanitation facilities.

He said there has been improvement over the past two decades, as the proportion of people with access to toilets rose from 25 per cent of the region’s population in 1990 to 45 per cent in 2012.

Singh said WHO estimated that in 2012 in the South-East Asia region, 123,300 diarrhoea deaths were caused by inadequate sanitation and 131,500 by inadequate hand-washing practices.

He said the region covers Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste.

November 19 has been designated as World Toilet Day by the UN.


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