Nigeria’s Health Minister calls for urgent meeting over Sprite, Fanta crisis

Fanta [Photo credit: Jason Kerwin]

The Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, has weighed in on the controversy surrounding the health implications of Fanta and Sprite drinks produced in Nigeria.

Mr. Adewole directed the National Agency for Food Drugs Administration and Control, NAFDAC, to collaborate with the Standard Organisation of Nigeria, SON in addressing Nigerians on the safety of Coca Cola products.

He also called for an urgent meeting with SON on Friday, saying the issue goes beyond the legal aspects of a court verdict.

“It is about morality; Nigerians can trust us to put their safety first. God bless”, he said.

The directive comes three days after a Lagos High Court ruled that NAFDAC should give the Nigeria Bottling Company, NBC, 90 days to include on all bottles of Fanta and Sprite that the content cannot be taken with Vitamin C.

The judgment was on a suit filed by a Lagos-based businessman, Emmanuel Adebo, and his company, Fijabi Adebo Holdings Limited, against NBC Plc and NAFDAC.

In his suit, Mr Adebo urged the court to declare that NBC was negligent to its consumers by bottling Fanta and Sprite with excessive levels of benzoic acid and sunset additives. He had tried to export Nigeria-produced Fanta and Sprite to the UK, where they were described as poisonous by authorities there and destroyed.

Benzoic acid is a white, crystalline powder with a faint, non-offensive odour.

Though it serves as preservative, if used excessively causes cancer and has been linked to asthma problems and increased levels of hyperactivity in children.

Benzoic acid is also used in the manufacture a wide variety of products such as perfumes, dyes, topical medications and insect repellents.

Sunset yellow is a dye that can be found in foods like orange juice, ice cream, canned fish, cheese, jellies, soft drinks and many medicines.

It can also be dangerous for human health as it causes urticaria, rhinitis, allergies, hyperactivity, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting in some individuals.

NAFDAC on Thursday said it has filed an appeal and a motion to stay execution of action on the judgement.

The NBC, bottlers of coca cola products in Nigeria, has also said it is appealing the judgement.

In its statement released on Wednesday, the NBC said there were different approved levels of benzoic acid between Nigeria and UK, but both were within the internationally accepted standard.

“The UK standards limit benzoic acid in soft drinks to a maximum of 150 mg/kg. Both Fanta and Sprite have benzoic levels of 200 mg/kg which is lower than the Nigerian regulatory limit of 250 mg/kg when combined with ascorbic acid and 300 mg/kg without ascorbic acid and also lower than the 600 mg/kg international limit set by CODEX.”

CODEX is the joint intergovernmental body responsible for harmonizing food standards globally.


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  • El Patron

    No wonder kids are very hyperactive when they drink just a little fanta

    • aisha ani

      Its sugar that makes them hyperactive.

  • Osakue

    Thank God I can not remember when last I drunk fanta. Not a fan of soft drinks

    • aisha ani

      Good for you, water is better and less expensive.

  • Jimi

    My people say “a fly without legal adviser goes into the grave with the dead body” The amount awarded in this case case is less than N20m but the damages so far from lost sales should be over a billion since the judgment came down. I believe NBC arrogantly thought it could buy the judgment it wanted and did not want to settle the matter. It could very well have settled the matter and kept everything under wrap. Luckily it did not and now Nigerians know to avoid the poisons called Fanta and Sprite. Money maybe the source of all evils but it is also the fastest and easiest way to force people to change: now that NBC is horrified with falling sales nobody needs to remind it to behave “proper;y” by reducing the amount of Benzoic acid in its drinks!

  • aisha ani

    I just hope the Minister and everyone else do proper research before saying anything because the Judge erred in this ruling.

    • GusO

      Maybe, because NBC is confirming to current regulations. The Regulatory Agency to blame is NAFDAC. The way to fairly resolve this issue is for NAFDAC to change the levels and allow for a period of about 1 year for drinks manufacturers​ to conform to the new regulations.

  • GusO

    NAFDAC filing an appeal is not the answer. They need to explain why the levels of benzoic acid and sunset yellow approved in Nigeria is twice the levels approved in the EU. Are they hiding the fact that the water used to produce these drinks may not be pure or already contaminated with microbes such that you need to add excessive quantities to the drinks for benzoic acid to be effective as a preservative? With respect to sunset yellow, you don’t need much to achieve yellow coloration of drinks. Why are they using more than the international standards required? Maybe because it’s a government job, the NAFDAC official in charge of keeping current with international standards took his eyes off the ball.