Baga Massacre: Satellite Images reveal “large-scale destruction” by Boko Haram

File Photo: Boko Haram attack on Baga in May 2013... On January 3, 2015, Baga came under its heaviest Boko Haram attack ever. Survivors said bodies piled like flies.

By Mausi Segun (Human Rights Watch)

Since January 3, Boko Haram militants have attacked –almost on a daily basis –the area surrounding Baga, a fishing settlement on the shores of Lake Chad in Nigeria’s northeast Borno State.

The exact death toll in Baga and 16 surrounding villages is unknown, with estimates ranging from “dozens” to 2000 or more. “No one stayed back to count bodies,” one local resident told Human Rights Watch. “We were all running to get out of town ahead of Boko Haram fighters who have since taken over the area.”

Satellite imagery acquired by Human Rights Watch reveals evidence of large-scale destruction, particularly in the town of Doro Gowon, the site of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) base, a few kilometers from Baga. Nigeria, Chad, and Niger established the MNJTF in 1998, initially to check criminal activities in the border areas between the three countries. The MNJTF expanded in 2012 to include Cameroon and Benin and cover counterterrorism operations against Boko Haram in the region.

The satellite images, taken in the days following the attacks, provide direct evidence of extensive areas of fire-related damages to local buildings and trees, consistent with a systematic campaign of arson directed against the civilian population in the area, Although we don’t yet have an exact figure on the number of damaged and destroyed buildings, our analysis of the images permits us to conclude the following:

  1. Doro Gowon, the site of the MNJTF base, has been hardest hit, with extensive areas of destruction covering approximately 57 percent of the town (based on the damages visible in the imagery versus the total area of the built-up portion of the town). It is likely that several thousand residential and commercial buildings have been destroyed as a result.
  2. Arson attacks likely occurred in Doro Gowon during the evening of January 3 and the morning of January 4 (as detected by an environmental satellite at the time).
  3. There are substantial areas of building damages in Baga, covering approximately 11 percent of the town (based on the damages visible in the imagery versus the total area of the built-up portion of the town).

The Nigerian military is fighting to retake Baga from Boko Haram, The extent of loss of life and damage to property, including from the current fighting, will become clearer when the battle is over.

This is not the first time that the Baga area has been attacked. Human Rights Watch reported that a Nigerian military raid in April 2013 resulted in the killing of local residents and the large-scale and deliberate destruction of property. The raid was in response to a Boko Haram assault that had killed a Nigerian soldier.

After the 2013 assault, we gathered information and analyzed satellite imagery, which conclusively showed that the soldiers destroyed a total of 2,275 buildings and severely damaged another 125. A preliminary report on the incident by the Nigeria National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), quoting a police report and witness accounts to NHRC staff, confirmed Human Rights Watch’s information and analysis.

The Nigerian National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) then issued its own report, which attempted to refute Human Rights Watch’s findings. A detailed Human Rights Watch review of the NASRDA report found substantial technical and analytical errors. Government and military officials nonetheless continue to disparage and repudiate Human Rights Watch’s findings on the 2013 Baga attacks.

In time, we hope to provide more accurate figures on the number of those killed in the attacks and information about them. But for now, credibly used satellite imagery is the closest we will get to the truth.  

MAPS AND SATELLITE

Baga Massacre: DoroGowon
Baga Massacre: DoroGowon

A change detection analysis of satellite imagery recorded on the mornings of December 29, 2014 and January 10, 2015 provides compelling evidence of widespread fire burn scars and building damages affecting approximately 57% of the town of Doro Gowan, Borno State. The scale and nature of these damages is fully consistent with a sustained and widespread campaign of arson, resulting in the probable destruction of several thousand commercial and residential buildings, concentrated in the center and east of the town. It is likely the majority of fire damages occurred during the evening of January 3, and morning of January 4, 2015 based on a review of active fire detection data from an environmental satellite.

Satellite-Detected Areas of Fire-Burn Scars and Building Destruction in Baga, Borno State, Nigeria (as on January 10, 2015)

Baga_0

A change detection analysis of satellite imagery recorded on the mornings of December 29, 2014 and January 10, 2015 provides compelling evidence of substantial areas of fire burn scars and related building damages affecting approximately 11% of the town of Baga, Borno State. The scale and nature of these damages is fully consistent with a sustained and widespread campaign of arson, resulting in the probable destruction several hundred predominantly residential buildings, concentrated in the south and east of the town.

Satellite-Detected Areas of Fire-Burn Scars and Building Destruction in Doro Gowon, Borno State, Nigeria (as on January 10, 2015)

Baga Satellite Images
Baga Satellite Images

A change detection analysis of satellite imagery recorded on the mornings of December 29, 2014 and January 10, 2015 provides compelling evidence of widespread fire burn scars and building damages affecting approximately 57% of the town of Doro Gowan, Borno State. The scale and nature of these damages is fully consistent with a sustained and widespread campaign of arson, resulting in the probable destruction of several thousand commercial and residential buildings, concentrated in the center and east of the town. It is likely the majority of fire damages occurred during the evening of January 3, and morning of January 4, 2015 based on a review of active fire detection data from an environmental satellite.

Satellite-Detected Areas of Fire-Burn Scars and Building Destruction in Baga, Borno State, Nigeria (as on January 10, 2015)

Baga Satellite Image
Baga Satellite Image

A change detection analysis of satellite imagery recorded on the mornings of December 29, 2014 and January 10, 2015 provides compelling evidence of substantial areas of fire burn scars and related building damages affecting approximately 11% of the town of Baga, Borno State. The scale and nature of these damages is fully consistent with a sustained and widespread campaign of arson, resulting in the probable destruction several hundred predominantly residential buildings, concentrated in the south and east of the town.

***Images and text are courtesy Human Rights Watch


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  • eduetok

    When are these Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch going to use this their satellite to show us boko haram positions and camps?

  • onenigerian2014

    The fight against terrorism is a collective fight for all, take a look a our neighbor Cameroun press. Have any body seen so many publication of Boko Haram’s defeat of their army? Have anybody seen so many publication of their burnt house, bodies, soldiers and police bodies as displayed by Sahara Reporters and Premium Times. Sometime I really wonder if the online publication rats are not owned by Boko Haram themselves.

  • Juliet Okoro

    How does this images now gives us over the 2000 AI claimed. What am seeing is blood spills and not human bodies. I will not stop saying the US is behind all this propaganda to discredit Jonathan government because he refused to succumb to their dictate. For goodness sake, Nigeria is a sovereign nation and they should stop meddling in our internal problems if they are not helping us to solve our problems

    • frank_luc

      ” US is behind all this propaganda to discredit Jonathan”

      Seems like you’re desperate for any excuse to take the responsibility away from Jonathan.

      • Juliet Okoro

        Jonathan has been taking responsibility. What was the world’s reaction to the killing in France and theirs to Nigeria. The western world is trying to make Africans their perpetual slaves because they don’t want them to rise

        • True Nigerian

          You amuse me. What was Jonathan’s reaction to the killing in France in comparison to his reaction to the killings in Nigeria?

          He commiserated with France for the loss of 12 people in France and he disregarded the killing of hundreds (assuming I take your version that a destruction of more than 3,000 homes would produce only 150 deaths) in his own country!

          • Juliet Okoro

            He did same for Nigeria. Stop all this propaganda, in France nobody asked the President to resigned but people rallied around him but in Nigeria but want him to resign rather than support him to conquer it. Most annoying is a member of the National Council of state that said if voted into power will stop insurgency when the opportunity he has a member to bring his ideas failed to attend any of the meetings. See how selfish and unpatriotic he is

          • Onike24

            “In france nobody asked the President to resigned”? Seriously? No one asked Hollande to resign because he took Charge and took control of the situation, he didn’t blame all Muslims, he blamed the terrorists, he visited the scene of the shooting an hour after it happened! The next day the Prime Minister said there were intelligence failures and they would be looking at how the terrorist escaped surveillance. That is what a responsible leader does, he doesn’t blame everyone like a five year old child. Jonathan is a coward and graven, he only visited Maiduguru because he wants to be recelected. Anyone who supports Jonathan must be devoid of human feeing.

          • Juliet Okoro

            You are ignorant of the happenings about bokoharam. Jonathan is doing is best. The question l always ask is the person that said he will end insurgency in Nigeria, is it not the Nigerian army he is going to use to prosecute it or is he going to hire army from elsewhere except the insurgents are taking orders from him. Pls appreciate the President and the army for once

          • Onike24

            Let’s us divorce sentiments from our comments, what exactly is your point? That BH is so special a terrorist group that they are impossible to defeat? Because we all know that we had an Army that was the best in Africa, I watched a report on the Army on CNN and what the soldiers said must account for why we are unable to defeat BH. Also note that it tallies with what the American Ambassador said. All the rubbish spewed about saboteurs in the army are nothing more than excuses! Yes we have incompetent leaders in the Army who make sure people go into battle with only two(2) magazines! Which by the way will last only three to four minutes in a medium battle! So incompetence is one reason, and another reason we are unable to defeat BH is mismanagement of resources available to the Army, and by mismanagement I mean corruption. So Buhari will carry out a root and branch reform of the armed forces, that is enough to defeat BH. We should stop making excuses and face reality lest BH takes Abuja.

          • True Nigerian

            You don’t get it. You simply don’t get it. I would have loved to have this conversation with you. But I am too busy to engage you now on this issue. But just know that you are far from reality.

            Yes, you’re probably right that the person who will end boko haram will not borrow an army from abroad. Where you lost your plot was the fact that you did not consider that there are many ways of using the same army. So here is your answer: the person who is promising to end the scourge may use the same army, but will probably use the same army in a saner, more effective, less undermined, less discredited and less corrupt way. That person may also have better credibility than the person whose words are no longer convincing even to anyone who wants to help. Let me leave you with that nugget for now.

          • Juliet Okoro

            After the court martial to remove sympathizers in the army have you ever heard that bokoharam over ran any army formation again rather they are repelled when they attack. Bokoharam is a political terror to discredit Jonathan government. With the counter terror against them they are moving gradually to Cameroon. Nigeria army will surely defeat bokoharam as the military continue to instill discipline in its rank and file by the court martial

          • Onike24

            BH is not political, stop telling fairy tales; and if I don’t reply to another fairy tale you post, it’s simply because I don’t have the time.

          • Juliet Okoro

            I don’t need your reply but the fact still remains that bokoharam is a political terror to discredit Jonathan government because the same northern elite that are criticizing him now are the same people that assuage Jonathan at the initial time from taking drastic action

          • Juliet Okoro

            Remember the latest baga saga, what is your thinking like when you heard that the other countries withdrew their armies two days before the attack unknowingly to the Nigerian army. Is this not sabotage?

          • Onike24

            So let’s analyze this; Chad and Niger withdrew their soldiers and the Nigerians did not notice the troop movement? Where they asleep? Sabotage ko sabotage ni

          • Otile

            Girl, what Nigeria needs is separation. Most Muslims officers are not willing to obey a Christian president. We cannot continue being submissive to Muslims for the sake of one Nigeria. If you people are not happy to accept any president from east of the Niger let us separate. SE is ready to go, it is up to SS if subjugation, humiliation, insults and insubordination are ok for Ijaws they are ready to join Odua people. You hear me, girl.

          • Onike24

            sorry you know i don’t join issues with idiots.

          • D1

            loooool!

          • D1

            What came out of OBJ’s suggestion? He publicly gave his advice and offered his help.

            Moreover, there are 4 other ex-presidents(IBB, Gowon, Shonekan & Shagari) in the NCS, what happen to the egg-heads?

          • Juliet Okoro

            What was the response of these people you mentioned after the last Council meeting. You are myopic, blind and sentimental and moreover buhari cannot bring any change, military and democratic system are not the same

          • D1

            That is question I’m putting across to you, other ex-presidents attend the council meetings, why the concern about Buhari’s nonattendance?
            You are the one being sentimental, tribalistic and refusing to see beyond your nose. It’s time to smell the coffee. #change

          • Juliet Okoro

            I don’t discuss with people like you that are clueless and don’t have facts about what they say. Thanks

          • D1

            Haba Madame Julie! lol

          • petersen

            the concern about Buhari is that he claim he knows how to stop BOKO haram but never attends council meetings to share what he knows. people re dieing and he think is only when the people elect him before he can do something about it. that is evil.

          • D1

            Does your President listens at all? What did he do and achieved with all the suggestions from OBJ?
            Have you forgotten Buhari is retired Military General, maybe all he has to do is to give tactical support, boost the morale of the soldiers and provide the necessary weapons/ammunitions.
            That might be all he needed to stop the onslaught from ragtag Boko Haram. That doesn’t make him evil.
            Remember, GEJ is the ‘PHD holder’ and Buhari has ‘no certificate’ (no pun intended)

          • petersen

            must he be voted in before he help to give tactical support and boost soldiers moral? if he dont ve a certificate then he should stick to his cows. Not coming to be president over those that suffered to get certificates. after all boko haram is about education being a sin and buhari can be graded as their master because all his life he never tried to get a certificate.

          • D1

            You just don’t get it. There is no point to this argument. I’m done, bye.

        • frank_luc

          Both America and Europe allow most goods produced in most countries Sub-Saharan Africa (including Nigeria) to enter their markets with no duty(tax). This is a great benefit being giving to Africans, by Westerners, and it’s unilateral benefit.

          The West does want to exercise it’s influence in Africa, and have African nations remain in it’s sphere of influence, but it doesn’t want to prevent the countries form rising. Those are two very different things.

          “What was the world’s reaction to the killing in France and theirs to Nigeria.”

          I think the world is kind of fatigued with all of the bad news out of Africa. They expect war, disease, famine in Africa so it doesn’t seem as noteworthy. Anyway, the real question is: what is Africa’s reaction?

          • Juliet Okoro

            Do your research very well, American started releasing oil from their reserves and have not started the shale oil and for Mugabe, whatever grant they give is to ngo that attack the government. Moreover you contradicted yourself, what is the difference between trying to have influence on and stopping it from rising. They want to continually be in charge. The European Union trade agreement that Nigeria advised other African countries to think twice before signing, is it not to bring them under their control. To me it is modern slavery

          • frank_luc

            “what is the difference between trying to have influence on and stopping it from rising. ”

            Well, America has a lot of influence in Japan, South Korea, and Kuwait, but those are wealthy developed nations, each with strong military. They were not prevented from rising.

            “They want to continually be in charge. The European Union trade agreement that Nigeria advised other African countries to think twice before signing”

            We actually agree on this point! The Western nations do want to dominate (though not necessarily destroy) other nations, and that’s a problem. And yes, each nation must consider carefully when singing a trade agreement with string attached.

            “American started releasing oil from their reserves and have not started the shale oil”

            That’s not correct. I actually live in America, so I don’t need to research anything, I simply need to read a newspaper and see this:

            “Oil production from the Bakken Shale in North Dakota and the Eagle Ford Shale in Texas rose by 45,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), or 1.6%, in December…. In the Eagle Ford in South Texas, December production levels reached 1.6 million bbl/d for a 40% increase from December 2013 levels”

            ” for Mugabe, whatever grant they give is to ngo that attack the government”

            Some may be for that, but America’s foreign assistance budget is public knowledge, and is even published on the internet for all to see. Most of the aid spent in Zimbabwe is for healthcare. This is true for most of the aid to sub-Saharan Africa as fighting HIV/AIDS is often the biggest expenditure.

          • Juliet Okoro

            I don’t even need to talk with you anymore since you live in America, you have been brain washed by them and I know you won’t see anything wrong with what they are doing. I do visit America. thank you

          • D1

            Keep preaching, Sir!

      • Juliet Okoro

        Now they have succeeded in destroying Libyan economic which is one of the strongest economy in Africa, Mugabe fought them to a standstill and I know Jonathan will do same. Jonathan is fighting their selfish interest in the Nigerian economy, they stopped importing our oil thinking Nigeria will sink, God gave us India to counter their plans, the list is endless

        • frank_luc

          “they stopped importing our oil thinking Nigeria will sink”

          America stopped importing oil from Nigeria, but that has NOTHING to do with Nigeria. America is experiencing a major expansion in oil production, due to shale oil from fracking. America will soon be the largest oil producer in the world, and may not need to import oil from anywhere. Why do you feel the need to come up with some conspiracy theory to justify your beliefs? The West did oppose Mugabe, but they’ve also been boosting his country for the last few years. Now, Zimbabwe receives over 100 million dollars a year in aid from the USA.

          • D1

            Thank you!

        • D1

          Hehehe, I laughed!

          Talking of ignorance, your ranking is No. 1!

  • true talk

    Is Buhari a boko haram sponsor ?God forced President Ebele Jonathan to confessed, he has boko haram in his cabinet. A miraculous confession. God exposed Orishajafor jet & it was caught in South Africa laundering $9.7million to purchase arms for boko haram to continue killing of the northerners.The most shocking is the audacity with which President Jonathan flirts with boko haram Ali Modu SheriffUnfortunately for President Jonathan, MTN captured the conversation btw PDP Senator Aliyu Ndume n a convicted boko haram member Konduga. Jonathan tried burying the evidence but couldn’t and requested for a private trial so, Nigerians can’t see PDP boko haram senator jailed.Why does this evil ruler want a private trial 4 those killing Nigerian ?Late Gen Azzazi appointed by Jonathan & stated PDP is boko haram & boko haram is PDP.Why did Jonathan kill him for exposing the truth ?Mohammed Yusuf the first boko haram leader before Shekau was always bail from prison by PDP Jerry Gana that gave Jonathan 5 billion for re-election, WHY ?With all this revelations some still claim Buhari threatened to make the country ungovernable, but it was Lawan Kaita a PDP governor that declared he will make the country ungovernable if Jona is re-elected.PDP chairman Bamanga Tukur stated that boko haram is fighting for justice n boko haram is another name for justice. Why ?President Jonathan lacks the will to end boko haram. An opposition like Buhari won’t share this sentiments. He would be eager to prove he can handle it like he destroyed Maitashie a similar insurgence in Yobe instead of the kid glove the kid glove handling by president Jonathan.Buhari never Islamized Nigeria has a dictator he can’t do it as a civilian. Sharia law was introduced into Nigeria under the aegis of PDP.

    • Duru

      why is difficult for the same satellite to show us the movement of the Chibok girls and the location of the boko haram ?

    • Bosco

      God bless you. You have said it all. Why did they killed Yusuf? In order to cover up, May God Almighty expose all the people behind this killings Very soon! They will never have peace.

    • larry

      Vote Buhari and he will protect you the Obvious 🙂

  • Hembe Hembe

    On 15th of January, 2015, the world came to
    affirm that BOKO HARAM were politically motivated and sponsored. That is to say
    that the insurgents in Nigeria of today are handwork of the few people who want
    to discredit GEJ government and to hijack power by all means from the leadership
    of President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan. This is why they have kidnapped and murdered
    thousands of Nigerians just because of power greed. It is very bad of them. We
    must resist these people through our PVC come Feb, 14, 2015. Ok, listen to Marie Harf, the US spokeswoman follows.

    “I mean, we’ve
    obviously all seen the reported numbers just this week – which we can’t confirm
    exactly, but it clearly shows there’s been a sharp escalation.’It’s because
    Boko Haram has tended to, particularly around something like an election, used
    political issues or sensitivities to try and inflame tensions. We’ve seen that
    as one of their tactics, and that’s why it’s so important to move forward with
    the election, because we believe it’s important”— US Department of States’ daily
    briefing in Washington.

    GEJ we will vote again. Evils cannot rule this country. God
    cannot allow evils the opportunity to rule Nigeria no matter how hard
    they may try. GEJ is our candidate. Vote President Goodluck Jonathan. GEJ.

    • Shuaibu Bola Victor

      Hembe Hembe,you are on a biggest point. Truth speaks louder than lies.

  • TAWANDA INCOMMUNICADO

    Only those who choose to remain unreasonable will not agree that the insurgence has a local political undertone designed to force a northern Muslim on the presidency of Nigeria . Unfortunately the powers that be in Washington and elsewhere do not understand Nigeria !!

    • Amir

      You are not immune to thinking properly. It is not painful to the brain. If your understanding of Nigeria is to work as online propagandist and insurgent for a failed government, you are in for greater disgrace. You may claim you are protecting your stomach, soon your stomach will not be enough to protect you. Ewu

      • TAWANDA INCOMMUNICADO

        Have you got any reasons to disprove the obvious ? I have taken a position which is historically authenticated with facts . Political Islam is the problem with Nigeria,take it or leave it !!

  • MrFesh+Ifebuche+Paschal

    I’m sure the guy who posted this news and all of PM crew cannot even read the aerial photograph not to talk of making head or tail out of it. Yet they spread the news. Kudos.

  • warry

    Ali Baba & 40 thieves endorses Buhari. They supported Gej in 2011 thinking he would do their bidding, he refused and did what he thought is best for Nigeria. For that they have brought illiterate Buhari to replace him who is practically blind and would do their bidding. If in doubt check the PTF probe Report. Obj, Tinibu, Atiku,Nyako,Sanusi,Amaechi,Timipri sylva,El rufai,Farouk Lawan, etc

  • rosemary

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    instead .pls NOTE wait 4 d respons msg frm
    IDMF no b4 loadin it on ur phone???@

  • Fido Dido (Democratic Watch)

    Number of yrs in Presidency from 1960 – 2015 by Regional Distribution
    =========================================================
    North = 39 yrs (9 presidents = Balewa,Gowon, Muritala,Shagari, Buhari, Babangida,Abacha,Abdulsalam, YarAdua,)
    West = 11 yrs (2 Presidents = Obasanjo, Shonekan)
    East = 0 yrs (Nil)
    South = 4 yrs (1 President = Jonathan
    [TOTAL = 54yrs (12 Presidents/Heads of State)]

    Percentage Distribution (in terms of yrs of occupation of Presidency from 1960 – 2015) by Region
    ===============================================================================
    North = 72%
    West = 20%
    East = 0%
    South = 8%
    [TOTAL = 100%]

    Percentage Contribution to ‘National’ reserves (Federation Account) from 1960 – 2015 by Region
    ==============================================================================
    North = 0%
    West = 1%
    East = 34%
    South = 65%
    [TOTAL = 100%]

    ***Looking critically at the irrefutable facts above, Where does EQUITY lie? Are the South & East Nigerians? Like some people say, ‘Are they allergic to Presidency’ ? Will the North & West govern forever at the expense of the South & East?…Let us use wisdom while we still have the opportunity.

    The difference is clear. The East & South can not yet again permit the North & West to squander its resources. NEVER again.

  • SAM .A

    Reno Omo KiriKiri is one of Nigerians who remain unreasonable as far as insurgency is concerned today. The bood thirsty devils neither distinguish religion as they carry out their genocide , why was your man fighting them with kid glove ? Why has he not routed them out,especially those he said are in his Goverment? That is the real political undertone .
    Can you explain why 200,000 Nattional Army ,with 6 years of Trillion national budget and billions of security vote could nor crush 10, 000 rag tag murderers ?
    Dia is Godu ooooo.

    • TAWANDA INCOMMUNICADO

      Mr Sam,
      Can you explain why the combined military,political,technological,diplomatic and financial prowess of the whole world powers have not defeated the Taliban,Al quaeda,ISIS,Al Shabab etc ?
      If a group is equipped with anti-aircraft guns,GPMGs,RPGS,IEDS,millions of dollars from ransom and sponsors from the middle-east and the ability to disappear into the civilian population of the borders of 4 countries……you cannot describe them as “rag tag”.

      Buhari has not said what he intends to do differently unless they are his boys !!

  • tyson

    Mohammed Marwa, the leader of Maitatsine was from Marwa in the Cameroun. Boko Haram had been recruiting, training and attacking Nigeria from Cameroun as far back as 2001.Marwa started his rebellion in the North of Nigeria under the British Colonial Government. He was finally killed (or died) during the riots in Kano in 1980. Many of the Maitatsine followers relocated to Maiduguri after their leader was killed in Kano.

    Malam Musa Makaniki, who took over the leadership of Maitatsine escaped alive into Cameroun and was only eventually arrested in 2004. It has been reliably reported that Makaniki was discharged and acquitted by the Court of Appeal, Jos in 2012. He walked out a free man. At the time of writing, we are unsure of what has become of him or where he is today.

    There have been other problems in the Northeast of Nigeria and other parts since the 1980s. You might remember Kala Kato who caused many deaths in Bauchi in the 1990s.There was the group known as “Taliban” that started in 2002. The Yusiffiya group, also believed to be closely related to the Maitatsine were also attacking security services in the North East of Nigeria as recently as 2011. Mohammed Yusuf founded Boko Haram in Maiduguri in 2002, but he also had a base in Yobe State. Some commentators believe that one of the senior leaders of Maitatsine was actually an uncle of Mohammed Yusuf, who helped train him and taught him the history of Maitatsineas a child.

    Buhari should stop “rewriting history”. The truth is that Buhari never destroyed Maitatsine. Winning one battle does not mean you won the war. As a retired military general. Buhari should know this and stop making false claims about his single-handed “defeat of Matatsine”. Buhari knows fully well, that the British Colonial authorities, President ShehuShagari, and others fought these groups in the North both long beforeBuhari became a soldier, and after he had left the army. Buhari needs to admit that this long-running problem has been going on for more than 100 years in the North and he should stop playing politics with the lives of suffering victims of Boko Haram; just because he is hungry for Aso Rock.

    One major difference with Boko Haram is they have had more international help from other Jihadist terror groups, than those who came before them. They also have the advantage of modern equipment and communications gadgets that did not exist in the past. There have also been allegations, that they have had help in planning some of their attacks. Truth does not hide no matter how Buhari tries to lies his way back into relevance—he lies about almost everything———sevenkate the maitasine riot–his age–nothing like truth in Buhari