“But, if one looks at the actual (figure), it was not up to that. It would be only 1.2 or 1.3 million jobs.”
The Statistician General of the Federation, SGF, Yemi Kale, on Monday clarified the controversy surrounding claims and counter-claims about the number of jobs the Nigerian economy created in 2013.
Different arms of government, including the Presidency and the Federal Ministry of Finance have at various times claimed that the Federal Government created 1.6 million jobs out of the 1.8 million target set by the President Goodluck Jonathan administration.
Apart the President, who on a number of occasions cited the 1.6 million jobs created as fruits of his administration’s transformation agenda, his spokesperson, Doyin Okupe and the Minister of Finance, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, also bandied the controversial figure to buttress their claims for the growth of the country’s economy in the last two years.
But, Mr. Kale, who told journalists that he was not interested in playing politics with the figures, said categorically that not more than 1.3 million jobs was created in 2013, blaming the confusion on interpretation of the information.
“Though it is difficult to clarify, but in the interest of transparency I will,” Mr. Kale said. “The economy had created only about 1.1 or 1.2 million jobs (in 2013).”
“Because the NBS wanted to give a full four quarter estimate, it gave an estimated figure for the fourth quarter, which took the figure to 1.6 million jobs.
“But, if one looks at the actual (figure), it was not up to that. It would be only 1.2 or 1.3 million jobs. That 400, 000 jobs or so that were added was after looking at the job trend in the country, the NBS estimated that maybe by the first quarter of 2013, it would have been about 1.6 million. But, that was just an estimate.
“If one looks at the new numbers since then, the actual figure for that quarter was about 200,000 jobs, which takes the real figure to 1.3 million jobs, and not 1.6 million jobs for those four quarters between 2012 and 2013.”
He said he had to make the point very clear that it was an estimate and not real figure that was quoted, pointing out that when the real count was taken later, the NBS had found out that it was not up to the initial estimate.
According to him, the clarification was indicative of the fact that there was no attempt by anybody to manipulate the figures, insisting the NBS gave that information about 1.6 million jobs at the time with a caveat that it was an estimate for the three quarters (third, fourth quarter 2012 and first quarter 2013).
“Government did not say it created 1.6 million jobs. What the NBS said was that 1.6 million jobs were created in the economy. The NBS never specified how the jobs were created and by who, because the NBS does not have the capability to find out who is the person that created what. It is possible that some government policy was part of it, or Nigerians did (it) on their own. What the NBS said was that this was how many we saw,” he said,
Also, a tabulation of the job figures created during the last three quarter of 2013 show a total of 732,745 jobs.
An analysis of the results of the job creation survey, according to Mr. Kale, showed that about 221,054 jobs were created in the 2nd quarter of 2013; 245,989 in the 3rdquarter and 265,702 in the 4th quarter.
|JOB CREATION FIGURES FOR Q2-Q4 2013|
Source: Office of the Statistician-General of the Federation, May 2014
Even if about 400,000 jobs were to be added as projected estimated figure for the 1stquarter, as Mr. Kale stated, the total number of jobs created for the year would come to about 1,132,745 jobs only from across the 36 states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory, FCT.
A further breakdown of the jobs created in the 2nd quarter of 2013 showed that 80,412 jobs were created in the formal sector of the economy, while 112,567 jobs came from the informal sector and 28,075 in the public sector.
The formal sector jobs were those created in establishments that employed 10 persons or more, or formal professional services that employed less than 10 persons, while informal sector jobs were those generated by individuals or household businesses that employed less than 10, or businesses operating with little or no structure.
The public institutions were parastatals, the academia, government ministries, departments and agencies, MDAs and Federal, State and Local government research institutions.
The formal sector, Mr. Kale said, contributed about 76,385 jobs to the total jobs generated in the third quarter of 2013, while the informal sector and public sectors generated 140,673 and 28,931 jobs respectively.
In the fourth quarter of 2013, the Statistician-General of the Federation said of the total 265,702 jobs created, the formal sector contributed 101,597, while the informal and public sectors created 143,278 and 20,827 jobs respectively.
Mr. Kale noted that the informal sector continued to lead the way in generating new employments in the economy, with over 54 per cent of the total jobs, making it the highest employer of Labour in the economy.
Under the informal sector, he said of the 80,412 new jobs, 45,409 (about 56.47 per cent) were taken up by males, and 35,003 (about 43.53 per cent) by females.
The education sector, he stated, recorded the highest employment figures for the year, with 37,578 new employees, followed by manufacturing, with 9,000 new employees. The lowest number of 85 new employees came from administrative and support services sectors.
Equally, education and manufacturing recorded the highest number of jobs in the formal sectors in the 3rd quarter of 2013, accounting for 29,777 new employments, and 13,946 new jobs correspondingly. The lowest number of jobs were created in the 3rd quarter of 2013, with 30 jobs from the administrative and support services sector.
A similar trend, he said, was recorded in the 4th quarter of 2013, with education and manufacturing sectors contributing 76,874 and 12,357 new jobs respectively.
Mr. Kale said employment generated during the three quarters was attributed to business expansion, seasonal growth, and new skill requirement, pointing to a thriving business environment in the country and economic growth indicators.