Nigeria, Mauritania, Africa’s highest slave-holding nations – Anti-slavery foundation

An anti-slavery campaign group says in a new report that Nigeria has the highest number of people living in what it describes as “modern slavery” in Africa, while Mauritania has Africa’s – and the world’s – highest number of “slaves” in proportion to the total population.

The Walk Free Foundation, founded by Australians, published the first of what is planned as an annual Global Slavery Index in London on Thursday.

The index estimates that Nigeria has between 670,000 and 740,000 people living in modern slavery. It says the figures for Ethiopia are between 620,000 and 680,000 and for the Democratic Republic of Congo between 440,000 and 490,000.

Mauritania is named as having 140,000 to 160,000 living in slavery, in a population of 3.8 million.

The foundation defines modern slavery as including slavery as customarily understood, human trafficking, forced labour and “slavery-like practices” such as debt bondage, forced marriages and sale or exploitation of children.

“Victims of modern slavery,” it says, “have their freedom denied, and are used and controlled and exploited by another person for profit, sex or the thrill of domination.”

Five African nations are among the 10 nations identified as having the highest prevalence of modern slavery: Mauritania, Benin (in 7th place internationally), Cote d’Ivoire (8th place), The Gambia (9th) and Gabon (10th).

Non-African nations in the worst 10 are, in order below Mauritania, Haiti, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Moldova.

Africa’s worst 10 also include Senegal, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Togo and Cape Verde.

The report says Mauritania experiences mostly “chattel slavery” meaning that “adults and children… are the full property of their masters who exercise total ownership over them and their descendants.” It also says there are high levels of child marriage in Mauritania.

While Cote d’Ivoire is cited as one of the nations “working hard” to address the problem, Mauritania is one of the countries in which the response is “token at best”.

“In Cote d’Ivoire,” the report says, “a unique system of protection has been formed, harnessing the market forces of cocoa purchasers as a mechanism to drive overall improvement in labour practices and move towards the eradication of worst forms of child labour and forced labour in cocoa production.”

Advertisement

PT Mag Campaign AD

Support PREMIUM TIMES' journalism of integrity and credibility

Good journalism costs a lot of money. Yet only good journalism can ensure the possibility of a good society, an accountable democracy, and a transparent government.

For continued free access to the best investigative journalism in the country we ask you to consider making a modest support to this noble endeavour.

By contributing to PREMIUM TIMES, you are helping to sustain a journalism of relevance and ensuring it remains free and available to all.

Donate


TEXT AD: To advertise here . Call Willie +2347088095401...



NEVER MISS A THING AGAIN! Subscribe to our newsletter

* indicates required

DOWNLOAD THE PREMIUM TIMES MOBILE APP

Now available on

  Premium Times Android mobile applicationPremium Times iOS mobile applicationPremium Times blackberry mobile applicationPremium Times windows mobile application

All rights reserved. This material and any other material on this platform may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, written or distributed in full or in part, without written permission from PREMIUM TIMES.