Three million people performed the Hajj in 2012.
Saudi Arabia’s religious authorities on Wednesday approved a request by the government to reduce the number of pilgrims permitted at Islam’s annual hajj this year to allow for expansion work at Mecca’s Grand Mosque.
The decision to reduce numbers from abroad by a fifth, and from inside Saudi Arabia by half, comes as the kingdom’s authorities attempt to contain the SARS-like corona virus MERS, but the authorities drew no link between the issues. The Saudi authorities reduced number of pilgrims from Nigeria, for the 2013 Hajj, to 70,000 from 90,000.
In 2012, more than three million pilgrims travelled to Mecca for the pilgrimage, which all Muslims must perform at least once in their lifetime if they are capable.
The ruling al-Saud family stakes much of its legitimacy on its guardianship of Islam’s holiest sites in Mecca and Medina and has in recent years spent billions of dollars to expand the main pilgrimage areas and improve their safety.
King Abdullah carries the official title Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
But critics have also attacked the conservative Sunni dynasty for razing some historical sites that date from the time of the Prophet Muhammad and are particularly important to Shi’ite Muslims in order to facilitate the expansion programmes.
In statements carried by the official Saudi Press Agency on Wednesday, the Supreme Judicial Council said the reduction in the number of pilgrims was legitimate to ensure safety while work was carried out to allow more pilgrims to come in future.
Similar statements were made by top officials at the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina and the Great Mosque in Mecca.
Saudi Arabia has so far had 62 confirmed cases of MERS, a respiratory infection, of which 34 patients died.
On Saturday, international health experts meeting at the World Health Organisation’s Cairo office said countries where MERS was a risk should put in place plans to handle any mass public gatherings.
This year’s hajj will be in October, but many pilgrims will also seek to visit Mecca in July during the fasting month of Ramadan.