Scorecard: Three years after, Jonathan yet to fulfil promises in power, oil and gas sectors

FILE: President Goodluck Jonathan and other party chiefs at a party convention

Nigerians now pay more for electricity and fuel despite reforms.

In August 2010, barely four months after he succeeded his late boss, Umaru Yar’Adua, President Goodluck Jonathan launched the Road Map for Power Sector Reform in which he outlined his plans to effectively tackle the challenges of electricity supply in Nigeria.

At the occasion held in the nation’s commercial nerve centre, Lagos, the President told his audience, which included members of the diplomatic corps and senior government officials that with the road map, the problem of power outages in the country would end by December, 2012.

Under the programme, Mr. Jonathan said, a Super Transmission Network would be implemented while 5000 megawatts (MW) would be generated by international oil Companies. He added that there would be active exploitation of hydro-nuclear and coal power, a new gas policy, constitution of two presidential committees on power, the reconstitution of the boards and membership of the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission, NERC, and privatisation of PHCN.

About eight months later, while running as the standard bearer of the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, in the 2011 presidential election, Mr. Jonathan enunciated the Power Road Map, this time under the broader Transformation Agenda. The agenda was anchored on how he would deliver programmes, policies and project in key sectors.

Transforming Nigeria

In the 28-page “Goodluck Transform Nigeria” which detailed the programme, policies and project he would deliver in key sectors if elected, the President promised to provide more power to Nigerians in the earliest possible time and even set a minimum target of 16,000 MW which he said would be achieved by 2013.

Mr. Jonathan promised to rehabilitate all existing power generation, distribution and transmission assets to give a minimum of 6,000 MW of electricity, complete all National Integrated Power Projects, NIPP, to produce at least 4,000 MW by 2012 and harness alternative sources of energy such as coal, wind and solar to generate an initial 13, 000 MW.

The president also assured that he would privatise power generation and distribution, concession transmission networks and construct new transmission network in 2011-2014 using the public-private partnership model.

“By common consent, solving the electricity supply problem in Nigeria is the key to the country’s development as it would unleash the tremendous capacity in the economy that has been hobbled by the inadequate and epileptic power supply,” Mr. Jonathan said.

Mr. Jonathan won the presidential election.

However, almost three years in office as the nation’s 14th leader since Independence, the President is still far from fulfilling the two contracts he entered into with Nigerians via the Power Road Map and Transformation Agenda.

Current power situation

Information pieced from various government documents show that the country’s current electricity generation for its over 150 million people hovers around 4,000 MW, a far cry from the 16,000 MW, which Mr. Jonathan promised would be achieved by 2013.

This clear deviation from the presidential promise on power infuriated an opposition leader.

“Are you not in Nigeria? Has the power road map worked? Where I am now, I am using (a) generator,” Emma Eneukwu, the National Publicity Secretary of the opposition All Nigeria Peoples Party, ANPP, told PREMIUM TIMES. “This administration has failed Nigerians in all ramifications – in the area of power, security, infrastructure and others.”

According to “Sure and Steady Transformation,” a document released by the Office of the Special Adviser to the President on Research and Documentation, which highlights the achievements of the administration since its inception, the country attained a peak generation of 4, 322 MW in December 2011, which it claimed “is the highest ever attained.”

Information posted on the website of the Federal Ministry of Power said as at May 20, the nation’s electricity generation peaked at merely 3, 894 MW. Indeed, sometime last month, the ministry said that the generation went down to as low as 3, 500 before it picked up again.

The Special Assistant to the President on Public Affairs, Doyin Okupe in a separate compilation of his principal’s achievements, which was released to the media on Monday, said, “The Goodluck Jonathan administration has improved the power generation from around 2, 000 megawatts to 4, 502 megawatts in December, 2012, the highest since Nigeria returned to democratic rule in 1999.”

Mr. Okupe added that by July this year, power generation will hit 6, 000 MW and by December this year it will increase to 10, 000 MW.

The presidential aide based his promise on the earlier one allegedly made by the Minister of State for Power, Zainab Kuchi, who has since withdrawn it, saying that would only be possible by December, 2014.

According to Mr. Okupe, for more efficient power supply, the Jonathan administration has privatized the power distribution companies, DISCOs, under a most transparent bid process, adding that “today, large parts of an unprecedented number of cities and towns across the country are enjoying between 14 to 16 hours of uninterrupted power supply, except in some few areas where localized problems of power distribution network have created bottlenecks for smooth transmission.”

Another presidential aide, Reno Omokri, enthused that the apparent inability of the Jonathan administration to meet its power target is because of the failure of past government to invest in the sector.

“Between 1980 and 1999, no new investments were made in the power sector,” Mr. Omokri, the presidential adviser on new media, said.

He said despite the challenges, the administration increased power generation from the 2,300MW it met when it came to office, and the current figure.

Challenges

While interacting with the members of the Senate Committee on Power last month, the Minister of Power, Chinedu Nebo told his visitors that achieving stable power supply in the country was rough and blamed the problem on old and wrecked infrastructure.

With the about 4, 0000 MW the country generates for its 160 million people, Nigerians are among the most deprived of electricity supply in the world despite being an oil producer. It is nowhere near comparable to South Africa which generates 45, 000 MW for its 45 million people.

Despite these huge evidences, Mr. Jonathan shockingly told the CNN in an interview earlier in the year that his administration had made progress in giving Nigeria adequate power supply.

The power situation is, however, so bad that most Nigerians have now resorted to the use of generators. Even government establishments, including those under the Presidency as well as the Aso Rock Villa where Mr. Jonathan is a tenant, now have generators as major source of power supply with the government-funded PHCN as stand-by.

Studies last year showed business concerns generate about 28,000 MW of electricity with over a trillion naira while households, according to NERC’s estimate, spend 796.4 billion a year on self-generation.

In the same 2012, in a curious twist, Kabir Usman, the Director General of government-owned Centre for Management and Development, CMD, said there are about 60 million generators in Nigeria at the ratio of one per household of 2.5 people with an annual spending of N1.6 trillion.

Mr. Usman added that the poorest Nigerians paid more than N80/kWh burning candles, kerosene and firewood while manufacturers paid between N45 and 60/kWh on diesel to run generators.

However, analysts are quick to point out that although ensuring steady power supply remains in the minds of those at the helms of affairs, the sector is bedevilled by challenges which the government officials scarcely have the will to confront. One of the challenges is corruption and bad management which the country’s electricity workers have repeatedly asked the government to tame.

The other is inadequate budgetary provisions. In the 2011 Budget, the first he prepared as president, Mr. Jonathan allocated about N90 billion to the sector, about N66 billion less than what his predecessor, Mr. Yar’Adua allocated to it. The sector got the second largest allocation in 2012 with N161.42 billion after security which got N921.91 billion. In 2013, the sector got N77.36 billion.

Despite these rise and fall allocations, Nigerians are yet to benefit from steady power supply. In fact, some categories of hapless Nigerians were even made to cough out more money for electricity supply which they hardly enjoy as a new tariff got underway in June last year.

But it is not only in the power sector that Mr. Jonathan has failed Nigerians who elected him. In the oil sector, the president is yet to translate his promises into reality.

The oil sector

In his transformation booklet, the President had assured among other things that, in the bid to achieve balanced national economic development, he would focus on increasing oil production and refining capacity.

“This will stimulate local value-addition and strategically position the nation to meet the domestic demand for the refined products and take advantage of a new market niche-export of refined products,” he said.

He also promised that the gas sector would be “developed with special focus on meeting the domestic and individual demands of gas within the country, especially with the anticipated increased demand due to the Visions 20:2020 intent of rejuvenating the manufacturing sector.”

Besides, while elaborating further on the president’s target in the sector, the ministry said it would develop a comprehensive framework to increase production of crude oil to 4 million bpd, end long queues and price fluctuations in the filling stations, ensure the review of the petroleum industry law as captured in the Petroleum Industry Bill, PIB, develop the gas sector by focusing on meeting domestic demand for gas and construct new and rehabilitate aging pipelines.

The ministry also planned to establish world-scale petro-chemical and fertilizer companies, develop the framework for local content in the oil and gas sector with a potential for 300, 000 direct and indirect jobs per year.

Current oil situation

Although, the Jonathan administration has embarked on some reforms which would reposition the oil sector, including pursuing the passage of PIB, the sector is still bedevilled by challenges which are clearly man-made. Crude oil production is still as low as 2.3 million bpd, a far cry from the projected 4 million bpd, while crude oil theft is on the rise.

The plan by the Yar’Adua administration to build three more refineries, which was inherited by the Jonathan administration, is not yet underway. The refineries were to be located in Lagos, Kogi and Bayelsa States.

Under the administration, Nigerians began to pay more for fuel following the partial removal of fuel subsidy early last year, and the country still imports a bulk of its petrol.

Although some highly-placed Nigerians have been charged to court over fuel subsidy, the administration has not generously manifested its will to stamp out corruption in the industry.

Several allegations of corruption against the oil minister, Diezani Alison-Madueke have never been looked into. A damning report produced by a panel headed by a former anti-corruption chief, Nuhu Ribadu, that about $13 billion (N2 trillion) has been stolen from the oil sector since the advent of the Jonathan administration is yet to be implemented.

The government owned National Extractive Industry and Transparency Initiative, NEITI, in annual audit reports, which have been globally commended, indicted the petroleum ministry headed by Ms. Alison-Madueke, and many agencies under it, of large scale fraud. NEITI has repeatedly complained that its recommendations are not being implemented which is allowing corruption and inefficiency to thrive in the Nigerian petroleum industry.

Parties react

Reacting to the apparent failure of the Jonathan administration to meet its set target, the spokesman for the Congress for Progressive, CPC, Rotimi Fashakin, said the Jonathan administration is everything, but unimpressive. According to him, the country has not in any way improved under him.

“The performance scorecard on the economy, security, education, youth employment, foreign affairs and infrastructural development reveals a dismal failure,” Mr. Fashakin said.

But his opposite in PDP, Olisa Metuh disagrees, insisting that Mr. Jonathan has repositioned the country, despite the security challenges confronting the nation.

“As a party, we will like to commend the President for his achievements. He has done well despite calculated attempts to distract him,” Mr. Metuh told PREMIUM TIMES on Monday.

“Just imagine (that) there are no security challenges, the President would have done far more than this. We discovered his achievements are under-reported. We are 100% behind the President because in the areas of electoral reform, power, infrastructural development, agriculture, FCT, he has performed. No Nigerian will say he has not brought improvements despite the distractions. We are happy.”


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  • Eya chuka

    Nigeria has gone so bad since the past 20/25yrs ego n will not have a total turn around in one day. GEJ is not a magician , even the almighty created the whole world in 7days as GOd , but we mear mortals want everything now…, haba we Nigeria s have a problem with our thought parttan, by that we all can live with corruption or silent about it. Weather APC or PDP it is still the same old people .GEJ promise to effect changes in power , oil and gas sector, but have u ever tried to ask who created the problems in these sector at the first place , but now we are quick to judge why the problems are not solved, and to some that makes GEJ incompetent and enough reason to consider another old hug, in our biased mind set .Nigeria!!! Nigerians problems is caused more by even the followers not the leaders, everyone is just the same at worst case scenario

    • Jadesola Fakayode

      Chuka, Yes, it is not a bad idea to ask who created the problems. History is not a bad thing. But modern societies are about being proactive and looking forward. So the more relevant question is not (i) who created the problems but (ii) what are we doing NOW to solve the problems. The past is good. But we as a country ought to live in the present and future if we want to compete with even little west african countries not to talk of the global world. To talk about the past -while it is a good story-is to recede. We need progress and NOT retardation otherwise little west african countries will give giant Nigeria a billion kilomete GAP. If you want to be competitive in the modern world, look at today and the future, while using the past as a backup for experience and data on how to avoid past mistakes. Does this help?

  • we nogo die

    Whatever makes mr. president happy is a must for party support. Mr olisa has no choice but to be 100% in support of mr. presido. Chikena.

  • Afam

    The question is is there anything happening in power sector? yes,what of oil sector ? yes..let Nigerians mount the pressure on our national assembly to pass PIB BILL and we will see our oil sector upon up by itself,let our northern brothers consider the important of the PIB BILL and shun their selfish interests that will never get this country any where..Multi-national companies have vowed to frustrate this PIB BILL through some members of NASS from the north and some cabals..On security all Nigerians should understand that security is everybody’s business not government alone..Police,SSS and other security agents are human beings like us..For CPC Fashskin..it is easier to say than done..let him wait till 2015 his party will get there either by election or by crooks then we will know the magic they will do…God Bless Nigeria.

  • Ayo Yussuff

    This CPC peole self…your Buhari ruled nigeria for 3,5 years nothing to show for it, i will even score 2 year old GEJ government better than Buharis GOV…No electicity,Decree 4, random jailing of people(Fela, Ambrose Alli, Bola Ige)….etc How many megawatt did Buhari gov contribute to the national grid??

    • Efe1

      You were obviously not alive when Buhari was president. You are too young to know. For that I will not even bother.

      • Ayo Yussuff

        I dont know how old you are but are i wrote my WAEC exams with kerosine latern when buahari was president…..u can guess how old i am.

        • Anonymous for real

          Same as your shoe size obviously!

        • Efe1

          Well if you go write it now, you can’t buy the kerosine anymore

          • Ayo Yussuff

            Yea brother ..but maybe i can buy ” i better pass my neighbour” and petrol to fuel it.

    • Segun Ayeni

      @ Ayo, if you claimed that you wrote your WASCE with kerosine and lantern when Buhari was the Head of State, then you must be an ‘olodo’, coz you couldn’t know how long he was in power. Shioor!

      • Ayo Yussuff

        u dont know when i was born ..nor when left school….but u are sure i didnt write my WASCE between 1983-1985…making conclusion on wrong premises is mischief …..u are the Real olodo ….and big shioor!!! to u. chikena!!!!!

  • akpos1

    Hear the idiots, “Jonathan has not fulfilled any of campaign promises..” , and so what? Did the Presidents from the Vampire North & the Soldier beheading West who have been in charge since 1960 fulfill their campaign promises? Nonsense. If you are not satisfied with Great Jonah, reject the oil from his Bayelsa & get out of Nigeria. Pure & Simple. Alternatively, let Bayelsa secede with their oil. Afterall Norway is just 4.5million peoples & Bayelsa is over 2.5 million & Rivers is 5.7m people. This is not to mention Edo, Delta, Cross Rivers, Anambra, Abia etc . So many countries of the world are less than 5 million.

    Nigeria is too large. Break up along ethnic nationalisties/regions Now & leave my oil alone.

    Nigerian oil producing countries should secede. There is NO way we can continue to feed the rest of the country without controlling our resources. NEVER.
    Long live the United Republic of the SS&SE

    • Efe1

      You must be a product of a village primary school. This oil that is sharking you will dry up soon and you will beg for food grown in the north. GEJ is a representation of failure however you want to look at it. The man promised and can’t even boast of achieving 10% of his promise after 3 years. I don’t care what happens, 2015 should come quick, and lets see the back of this failure.

      • Peter2000

        Mallam, you are everywhere throwing your novice crap around.

        • Nosa

          By the time we are though with your brainless man come 2015, your name will change to Judas1914

          • Efe1

            Tell the fool! Hope he will not complain that PT is the opposition newspaper too. Hopeless thug

  • concernednigerian

    And what is the score card of Premium Times?

  • olumide

    Ȋ̝̊§ only enemies δf Nigeria that Α̲̅я̩̥̊ε̲̣̣̣̥ talking rubbish about GEJ, T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ S̶̲̥̅Ơ̴̴̴̴̴̴͡ called opposition states tells a lot δf lies I̶̲̥̅̊n̶̲̥̅̊ T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ name δf poltice. I̶̲̥̅̊n̶̲̥̅̊ osun which Ȋ̝̊§ ACN state, they have regular light but Ɣøû will see the governor shouting their Ȋ̝̊§ no light. Evil oppositions. If Ɣøû think that nigerians will give Ɣøû T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ country I̶̲̥̅̊n̶̲̥̅̊ 2015, please stop dreaming A̶̲̥̅̊₪d̶̲̥̅̊ face T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ reality that most δf T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ oppositions will lose their state because δf their wicked policies that Α̲̅я̩̥̊ε̲̣̣̣̥ biting heard on T̶̲̥̅̊h̶̲̥̅̊e̶̲̥̅̊ populace

    • Efe1

      Anybody that says the truth is an enemy why you thrive on stealing in the name of govt. what a lazy argument. How come the opposition did not prevent GEJ from buying three jet?

  • Dr Pat Kolawole Awosan

    President Jonathan is a dumb and nonentity president who reins on falsehood without any physical achievement to show case but now resorting to cooking up lies and formulating falshood as achievement in security sector,power sector,healthcare sector while he uses presidential jet to rush his wife dame Patience Jonathan to foreign German hospitals frequently.
    Our roads are death traps nationwide while Jonathan flies about in ten presidential fleet of jets with his corrupt cabal and his family in the presidency.
    President Jonathan score card is capital-F-9 up todate since he succeeds late president Yar’dua after his demise with the exception of corruption practices which have quadruple on JOnathan watch..

  • Innocent

    I don’t like this Premium Times’ marking scheme.

  • Abdulkadir Sokoto

    Young children are dieing as a result of new HIV infection among them and this is as a result of failure of the government to address the proparly