Pope may change conclave rules before abdication – Vatican

Pope Benedict XVI to hold last mass on ASH Wednesday
Pope Benedict XVI stepped down yesterday

Pope Benedict XVI may change Church rules governing the conclave where cardinals from around the world will meet next month to secretly elect his successor, the Vatican said on Wednesday.

The pope is studying the possibility of making changes to laws established by his predecessor, Pope John Paul II, before he abdicates on February 28, a spokesman said.

The changes may affect the timing of the start of the conclave.

According to existing conclave law, the conclave cannot start until 15 days after the Papacy becomes vacant, to allow all the cardinal-electors enough time to arrive in Rome.

The laws governing conclaves were laid down in 1996 in John Paul II’s apostolic constitution and modified by Pope Benedict.

Existing law also states that conclave must begin within 20 days of his date of resignation. This 15-20 day window corresponds to the conclave beginning as early as March 15 and as late as March 20.

When Pope Benedict XVI leaves office, 117 cardinals will be eligible to elect the successor to the Holy See. All the cardinals who are below the age of 80 will come to Rome to participate in the conclave. 67 of the 117 of these cardinal-electors were appointed by Pope Benedict himself.
Under rules re-established by Pope Benedict in 2007, the new Pope must be elected by a two-thirds majority of voting cardinals.

Recent conclaves have concluded quickly. Pope Benedict was elected in a 2005 conclave that lasted only two days. John Paul II was elected in 1978 after a three-day long conclave.

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