A diet rich in fibre can help prevent pile.
A consultant on family health, Nicolas Baamlong, has allayed the fears of people suffering from haemorrhoids, saying the disease is treatable and early detection could prevent complications.
Haemorrhoids, also called piles, are normally present in veins in the anus and rectum that become swollen and inflamed.
Mr. Baamlong, former Chairman of the Nigeria Medical Association, NMA, Abuja Chapter, said there is nothing to worry about, as the right treatment could guarantee its management.
“Sometimes the best approach is surgery, only when it was fully out from the anal and will need to be caught off, this complications can only happen when it was not detected early,” he said.
He advised patients to ensure that treatment is followed with early detection and the right treatment taken.
On its causes, Mr. Baamlong, identified feeding habits that could lead to constipation, pressure on the anal, especially for some pregnant women, aging, and public toilets, as some of the major factors leading to the disease.
Also speaking, a medical practitioner in a private hospital in Abuja, Obi Uchie, said the signs of haemorrhoids are multiple and could vary from individual to individual.
Mr. Uchie said that the peak age is between 45 to 65 years, saying that internal haemorrhoids (ones that are inside the anal cavity) usually cause painless bleeding at the end of a bowel movement.
He said that blood could be a sign of a serious problem, advising that it was important that patients be evaluated by a health professional.
“For most people, haemorrhoids do not creep up on them, the warning signs may be there, but some signs of piles are subtle and, therefore, basically dismissed or ignored.
“Piles or haemorrhoids are a problematic and painful medical condition. A pile happens if for any reason there is a pressure on anal veins that ends in their rapture,” he said.
People suffering from piles experience swelling in the veins of rectum and feel inflammation and burning sensation around their anus.
There is a general feeling of discomfort and pains. Often people suffering from piles have issues with sitting for a long time.
John Udeh, said he has had pile for 10 years, and that usually people suffering from piles have itching sensation around the anal area. He said “often time they feel a burning sensation”.
“I have been managing it well, but sometimes it can be embarrassing, but with adequate medication, the condition can be controlled,” he said.
In the case of bleeding piles, Mr. Uchie said often they might experience heavy bleeding occasionally like monthly periods and can stain their undergarments; also there might be some lump around the anal area.
On its causes, he said various reasons had been adduced; sometimes hereditary.
“Also, elderly people might experience piles because of weakening of the vein walls. Also some ladies experience piles during pregnancy because of hormonal changes.
“However extended constipation is a major reason for piles in most of the adults. Usually people suffering from constipation, put lot of pressure and causes damages to the veins and arteries in the area around anus.
“This can lead to inflammation and swelling,” he added.
Mr. Uchie also explained that sometimes, frequent dysentery could also aggravate the issue of piles.
He added that strenuous physical exercise & sometimes sitting in incorrect postures for a long time could also trigger piles and sometimes defective dietary habits.
The doctor also explained that individuals, who eat low fibre diet and do not include fresh vegetables; fruits or whole grains in their diet were most likely to suffer from this issue.
He added that irregular meals might cause piles, including eating much of spicy food.
On treatment, the physician said most treatment of piles disease was feasible by simple change in dietary majors.
According to him, in the case of extreme issue, it was always advisable to think about a doctor to get rid of this issue.
On home remedies, the doctor said haemorrhoids could usually be managed at home using simple remedies such as warm baths, ice packs and altering ones diet.
He explained that fibre showed a consistent beneficial effect in relieving haemorrhoid symptoms and bleeding, adding that it could soften stool and increase its bulk, which helps to reduce straining.
“They have been found to reduce anal discomfort, pain, and anal discharge during an acute haemorrhoid attack.
“However, if haemorrhoids become really severe, herbal remedies or over the counter creams are not providing any type of relief.
“Then it is time to visit your medical doctor to find out about other options such as haemorrhoids laser treatment,” he added.
Mr. Uchie, however, said that the laser treatment is a new method of haemorrhoid removal, but that it was not common in Nigeria.