INVESTIGATION: Ebola: Nigerian govt. advocates hand-washing, but won’t provide soaps, sanitizers in public buildings

Federal Ministry of Health

The Nigerian government has led a largely successful effort against Ebola since the deadly virus was imported into the country in July, with only 19 cases and seven fatalities, significantly better than the more than 2,000 Ebola deaths in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.

Nigeria’s emphasis has been on contact tracing and monitoring– for established cases; and an improved sanitary policy of hand-washing and use of sanitizers as recommended by the World Health Organization, WHO.

The health body recommends either an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and running water, which be made available at every point of care, public places, offices, and homes.

While the Nigerian government says there are no more confirmed cases of Ebola in the country, it has insisted that improved hygiene should continue to check any chance of an Ebola resurgence.

But as the government continues to advocate hand washing and use of sanitizers, its offices are flouting the directive as many including hospitals do not have running water, soaps, or sanitizers for staff and visitors to wash their hands even after using the toilets, a PREMIUM TIMES investigation has found.

The Federal Ministry of Health, which is at the forefront of the campaign of hand washing and use of sanitizers, is the biggest culprit in this anomaly.

At its headquarters in Abuja, the ministry has no sanitizers or functioning tap water. The ministry’s toilet on the first floor of the new federal secretariat in Abuja, had none as of September 4 when the checks were conducted at the height of Ebola scare in the country.

The ministry had bottles of liquid soap, but literally compelled visitors to use scooped water from a big black drum stationed there, after using the toilets, a practice medical experts say is risky.

The immediate past president of the Nigerian Medical Association, Dr. Osahon Enabulele, who is also a family health consultant, said secretions are part of the modes of transmission of the deadly Ebola virus; hence, it is important that infected persons do not have contacts with others through media such as static water in a container.

He said in a case where there is no flowing tap, the drum of water should be chlorinated and not left open. The exact opposite is what obtains at the health ministry and other government-owned agencies.

“It is a matter of ensuring that you have chlorinated water or at the least, disinfected water, at any point in time. Secretions are part of the means of modes of transmission of the virus from infected persons,” he said. “But again, if you have such secretions in water that has been treated with chloride, it is part of the agents that can deactivate the virus. But the most important aspect is to ensure that infected persons do not have contact with others by washing hands in the same place.”

Water containers is a common feature in the ministry and adjoining departments. The restroom at the office of the Head of Civil Service of the Federation was no different. In addition to the container for visitors, when a PREMIUM TIMES’ reporter visited the office September 8, the floor was also waterlogged, posing a health risk to users.

At the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, our reporter, who visited the restroom at the arrival hall on September 3 found that there was also no soap for washing hands, much less hand sanitizers in the toilets. The airport serves as one of the key entry points to the country.

Amongst all hospitals visited in Abuja in the course of this investigation, Wuse General Hospital had the worst facilities for visitors and outpatients. There were no soaps or sanitizers, and the taps did not flow, neither was there even a reservoir of water. However, the toilet meant for only staff was sparkling clean – still without soaps and hand sanitizers.

The restroom of the Asokoro District Hospital which was a bit better than that of Wuse General Hospital was still very dirty! The toilets for staff, outpatients and visitors were without soaps and hand sanitizers.

However, the restrooms of the General Out-Patient Department, National Hospital, Abuja, were cleaner than that of Wuse general hospital and Asokoro District Hospital respectively. But there were equally no soaps or hand sanitizers.

The National Orientation Agency, which has also helped in educating Nigerians on Ebola, is itself the exact opposite of the call it makes for hygienic living. There were equally no soaps or sanitizers at the restrooms.
Although the federal ministry of water resources, old secretariat, Area 1, Abuja, had flowing taps, it also lacked sanitizers or soaps for hand washing.

On the third floor of the federal secretariat which houses the federal ministry of culture and tourism, there was neither soap nor hand sanitizers in their restrooms. The floor also houses the offices of dentistry, PPP/diaspora, deputy director procurement, deputy director staff welfare & training, assistant director staff welfare and presidential committee on trade malpractice.

It was the same situation on the fifth floor which houses the JCCE/NCE, planning research and statistics. Toilets on the sixth floor, which habours the department of primary and secondary education, director basic and secondary education, secondary division and adult and non-formal education and language projects, also had no sanitary kits.

On the ninth floor, which houses the National assembly tower G, there was no soap or sanitizer in the toilets.

Mr. Enabulele said the ideal recommended practice is for people to have running taps, preferably with elbow locks. That design is to allow people avoid taps with the hands and either use their elbows to unlock the taps.

“In some climes, they have what is called knee taps; whereby you can use your knees to unlock the tap. But the elbow ones are commonly available in Nigeria, which can be purchased for as low as N300 per lock; which is quite cheap. Institutions can afford that” he added,” he said.

The Federal Ministry of Health declined to comment for this story. Dan Nwomeh, the Special Assistant, Media, to the minister of health, promised to return our reporters’ calls. He did not. He also failed to answer or return subsequent calls.

But Dr. Jimoh Balogun, Haematologist, Zaatt Central Diagnostic Centre, said it was unfortunate that the Nigerian government was in the habit of not practising what it preaches.

“It’s the same government propaganda, Dr. Balogun said. “It’s the same story about knowing the right thing and refusing to do the right thing. It’s the way things are done in this country. They go over the television, make advert, place it on newspapers, government officials come over television screens and tell you to do this and never put it to work.

“They don’t mean it because it’s not about saying things, it’s about doing them. You don’t need to go to TV screens to make water run, to provide soaps for people to wash their hands after handshakes, after using the toilets and touching surfaces that are dirty. Or probably after eating. But nobody seems to care; it’s always government propaganda.”


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  • Chris1408

    Welcome to Nigeria, where there’s no functional government, where the basic things in life in other countries are luxury here. This is part of GEJ transformation agenda. Welcome to Nigeria, modern day “Stone Age”.

    • Mayo

      The reporter visited several offices across Abuja and it was the same story of poor hygiene, no hand sanitizers/soaps, etc. This is no longer about failure of Government. This is more about our culture/our attitude as a people. The people in charge of maintenance in all these different offices did not deem it fit to make sure the toilets are kept clean, people who work in these offices have not complained/raised alarm about the state of their toilets. In the early 2000s, I visited someone on admission in one of the Teaching Hospitals, and the toilet facilities was a total eyesore.

      • D1

        Right on point! It amazes me that same people in these places and in charge of maintenance will come out condemning government as if they were stellar in their own duties. It is truly our attitude/culture of not being responsible. I hope this exposure will bring the necessary change.

  • Adakaraza Onos

    Premium Times, thanks for this expose. Just imagine, the government does not practice what it preaches. It’s a huge shame. Just imagine how ugly their toilets are, meanwhile they are telling schools to have running taps!

  • Helen Johnson

    Good piece from Premium Times. Good to know that Tobore is back with investigative stories again. I still admire your human trafficking reportage and this is also good. Welcome back girl and you guys at PT, keep up the good work!


    PT must have gone to Liberia or Sierra Leone to carry out its investigation. This cannot be Jonathan’s Nigeria, where uncommon transformation has catapulted us into the first world, where running potable water is available to most of the citizens! No, PT, please don’t behave as if you are now working for the opposition, which does not see anything good in the messianic GEJ government! We say NO to satanic investigation!!

  • Innocent

    Do as I say, Not as I do.

  • Omo jatijati

    Just imagine the big big drums in their toilets while they are preaching running taps! mtscheeeew…!!!

  • Comfortkay

    Gbamu Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health has no tap or functioning water in the nation Capital Abuja, one of the most expensive capital in the world.
    Nigeria a member Opec, sells crude oil every day and yet the country has no money for anything, if the founding Mothers and Fathers of this country will hear what is happening daily in this country they will all wake up from their grave yard.

  • ifebuche

    Your next expose will be ‘FG refuses to buy tissue paper for poor Nigerians’ mtchew. I will soon visit your office and I bet there’s no water in your WC either.

    • Kayode Ketefe

      Na wa o! Are you supporting the govt in its do as I say not as I do pretense??? With people like you, this country will remain the way it is- nose diving!

      • ifebuche

        Keep nose diving. You can try the head repertoire too.

    • Gideon Orkar


  • Adegboyega

    Tobore, the world reknowned creative fiction journalism labelled invetigative journalism is back! Welcome back. Please dont give us that kind of crap again o.

  • Mamapikin

    Jaguda government


    Tobore Nice to know you are back. At lleast this time, it is not fiction being passed to readers as investigation.

    • Kayode Ketefe

      Haba! Coconut head what fiction? It is obvious you haven’t been following the young lady right from her days at the Guardian newspaper, National Mirror, etc. That she does very risky investigations which you can’t do does that make it fiction? Abeg park well, bad bele people! Thought you people claimed she had been sacked by PT, now you have been shamed by the fact that she still with and writes for PT. Now it’s how to write rubbish about her that is your next line of action since your claims have all turned out to be obvious lies! Lie lie people! Bad bele oniranu!

  • Lanre

    When Hitler took over in Germany through Democratic processes, many acquiesced. The signs of the deranged megalomaniac was there. He gave hints as to his intentions. But the good natured simpletons and plebeians were subdued by propaganda and rhetoric. Eventually he destroyed Germany leading to the division of one of the largest economies in the world at that time. Poor folk and simpletons the world over have been misled by the ebullient flow of propangadists and demagogues such as we have in Nigeria today. May the innocent be preserved from harm in Nigeria. Amen.

  • Iskacountryman

    100 days of plans?….kai…