Egypt held a military funeral in Cairo on Wednesday to bury its former President Hosni Mubarak, who ruled for 30 years until he was ousted in a 2011 popular uprising against corruption.
Mr Mubarak’s sons Alaa and Gamal, joined by soldiers, walked next to their father’s coffin at a huge mosque built by the army in a Cairo suburb where the funeral took place.
Mr Mubarak died on Tuesday in intensive care weeks after undergoing surgery.
This will leave Egyptians divided over his legacy presiding over an era of stagnation and repression, which some nevertheless recall as more stable than the chaos that followed.
He was swept out of power as an early victim of the “Arab Spring” revolutions that swept the region in 2011.
He spent many of the subsequent years in jail and military hospitals before being freed in 2017.
Egypt’s presidency and armed forces mourned the former air force officer as a hero for his role in the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
The presidency declared three days of national mourning.
Egypt’s top military officials were expected to attend the funeral.
Mr Mubarak’s coffin was to be airlifted from the Field Marshall Tantawi mosque to the family burial grounds, state television reported.
Dozens of Mr Mubarak supporters, some from his home village Kafr al-Meselha in the Nile Delta, gathered outside the mosque, where the military funeral will take place.
“I am happy that his pride was restored’’ after his removal and for the state’s appreciation for him after his death,’’ said Zeenat Touhami, a 35-year old woman from Cairo.
“This is the history of 30 years, the farewell of 30 years.’’
Mohamed Zaree, a human rights activist, said the present era of autocracy and economic hardship was worse than Mubarak’s.
President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi, who came to power after leading the overthrow of Mubarak’s successor, Mohamed Morsi, has overseen a broad crackdown on dissent, which rights groups say is the most severe in recent memory.
“Mubarak’s era was painful (but) this era is much more difficult and painful in terms of freedoms and economic conditions,’’ Mr Zaree said.
Many of the activists, who helped organise mass protests which ousted Mr Mubarak, are now behind bars or live in exile abroad.
Mr Al-Sisi’s supporters say a crackdown was needed to stabilise the country after the turmoil that followed 2011.
Mr Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for conspiring to murder 239 demonstrators during the 18-day revolt in 2011, but was freed in 2017 after being cleared of those charges.
He was also convicted in 2015 along with his two sons of diverting public funds to upgrade family properties.
They were sentenced to three years in jail.
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This was a stark contrast to the treatment of his successor, Mr Morsi, Egypt’s first freely elected leader, who lasted only a year in office before the army toppled him.
Mr Morsi died in 2019 after collapsing in court while on trial on espionage charges.
Egyptian media, which are tightly controlled, paid little attention to his death.
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