The Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohammed Mursi was on Sunday declared Egypt’s president, making him the country’s first democratically elected leader.
He succeed ousted ruler, Hosni Mubarak, after defeating Mr. Mubarak’s former Prime Minister, and retired general, Ahmed Shafik with 51.73% of last weekend’s run-off vote, the Higher Presidential Election Commission said.
The poll results had been delayed to enable the commission time to evaluate voting complaints, the commission said.
The body, headed by Faroug Sultan, said before announcing the results, it upheld some 466 complaints although but said that did not affect the outcome.
Ahead of the declaration, the North African country has seen a fresh wave of unrest with tens of thousands of protesters gathering at theTahir Square after the nation’s powerful military, which took over after Mr. Mubarak’s removal last year, said that it will withhold key instruments of power to the incoming president.
The Supreme Military Council said while it will handover before the end of June, it will retain legislative powers – following the dissolution of the country’s parliament by the court, budgetary powers, and will be its own commander- in-chief.
The decision has sparked outrage across the country with activists vowing to ignite a fresh revolution that will not end until the military leaders resign.
After the announcement Sunday, thousands of Brotherhood supporters burst into cheers on Cairo’s Tahrir Square, waving national flags, setting off fireworks and chanting “Allahu Akbar!” or God is Great, greeting a dramatic victory, tempered by the army’s continuing role, Reuters News Agency reports.
Both candidates in the election had made claims to victory in the polls before the announcement.
Egypt’s military ruler, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, congratulated Mr. Mursi on his victory, state-run Nile News TV reported.
The electoral commission boss dismissed allegations that some ballots had been printed with the name of one candidate already ticked, and that Christians had been prevented from voting in a village in Minya governorate.
Mr. Mursi won 13,230,131 votes (51.73%), compared with Mr. Shafiq’s total of 12,347,380, (48.27%). Mr. Mursi, 60, is a U.S.-educated engineer who spent time in jail under Mubarak, while Mr. Shafik is a former air force commander and Mubarak’s last prime minister.
It remains to be seen how the military will see its new set of decrees through, amid the uprising that is gaining force daily.
Many Egyptians had said during the voting they faced a dilemma between Mr. Mursi, an Islamist, for the fear of Islamic religious rule, and Mr. Shafik, a former associate of the Mr. Mubarak.
The new president said he will form an inclusive government to appeal to the many Egyptians, including a large Christian minority of about 10%.
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