The UN said there was a large scale use of poison gas, sarin.
A report by the body said the use of chemical weapon in the war-torn Middle East country, was confirmed “unequivocally and objectively”.
The United States, backed by France, had threatened military force against Syria, accusing the Bashar al-Assad government of using poison gas.
The strike was shelved after Russia and the US struck a deal that will see the Syrian government give up all of the country’s chemical weapon stockpile.
All countries interested in the case have long acknowledged the use of chemical weapons. The disagreement has been with the knowing who was responsible.
While the US and other western powers blame the Syrian regime, Russia blamed the rebels who fight against the regime.
A UN report says sarin was used in a rocket attack in the Syrian capital, Damascus, last month, although it has not attributed blame, the BBC reported.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said: “On the basis of its analysis, the mission concluded that it – and I quote – ‘collected clear and convincing evidence that surface-to-surface rockets containing the nerve agent sarin were used in the Ein Tarma, Moadamiyah and Zalmalka in the Ghouta area of Damascus.'”
“This is a war crime,” he added.
Mr Ban briefed the Security Council on the report, and then addressed the media.
He said he was submitting the UN mission’s report “with a heavy heart”.
“The mission has concluded that chemical weapons were used on a relatively large scale in the Ghouta area of Damascus [on 21 August]… The attack resulted in numerous casualties, particularly among civilians.”
“Survivors reported that following an attack with shelling, they quickly experienced a range of symptoms, including shortness of breath, disorientation, eye irritation, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting and general weakness.
“Many eventually lost consciousness. First responders described seeing a large number of individuals lying on the ground, many of them dead or unconscious.”
The UN investigators examined blood, hair, urine and rocket samples and reportedly concluded that 85% of the blood samples tested positive for sarin.
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