ANALYSIS: Hijab controversy, facts, fiction

Women in Hijab[Photo Credit: Nairaland]

The World Hijab Day is held on every February 1 to promote religious tolerance, solidarity with Muslim women worldwide, emphasise the religious values of the use of hijab and correct misconceptions about the veil, among others.

Muslims believe that in Islam, hijab (veil) wearing connotes the principle of modesty; and the most visible form of hijab is the head covering that many Muslim women wear.

Mutiat Orolu-Balogun, coordinator of Hijab Rights Advocacy Initiative, said in Lagos during the celebration of the day that hijab wearing was an added religious duty for Muslim women and asking them to remove it amounted to discrimination and oppression.

“One thing we all seem to agree on is that violence against women is wrong in all its forms, whether it is physical, emotional or psychological,’’ she said.

The Coalition of Nigerian Muslim Women that organised the 2017 edition of the day with the theme: “#IStandForHijab”, said the theme was a strong message of support and encouragement for hijab users.

The coalition observed that the theme called for advocacy for the right to hijab wearing and solidarity with the wearers.

During the observance, the coalition insisted that wearing hijab was a fundamental right of the Muslim women.

The group noted that opposition to the Muslim women’s right to wearing hijab had risen in recent times that should attract the attention of the concerned.

According to it, hijab wearing has become a serious issue in Nigeria following attempts by some schools and government agencies to ban or restrict its use.

“Among issues that dominated public discourse on hijab recently included the Appeal Court lifting of a High Court imposed ban on hijab in Lagos schools by which the court upheld the wearing of hijab as fundamental rights of Muslim women and girls.

“Also in June 2016, a High Court in Osun legalised the use of hijab by Muslim students that generated a lot of controversy,” the coalition observed.

Muslim faithful have also observed that public opinion about the Muslim women’s hijab has generated controversies to the extent that some critics believe that hijab wearers are involved in the Boko Haram insurgency in the northern part of the country.

They note further that there is need to state facts about the usage of hijab; more so, when some of the female bombers have been reported to be in veil — hijab— to commit crimes.

Abdulwahab Salami, a cleric, insisted that “hijab is an Arabic word which connotes barrier or partition but with a broader meaning — modest dressing– both males and females’’.

Irrespective of this explanation, cynics have often asked why Islam has made the wearing of hijab somewhat compulsory for women.

According to Mr. Salami, Islam introduces hijab as part of the decency and modesty in interaction among members of the opposite sex.

“It is the most appropriate thing to forestall any lust from the opposite sex because men are by nature subjected to lust and inordinate ambition towards the opposite sex.

“Wearing of hijab contributes to the stability and preservation of marriage and family by eliminating the chances of extramarital affairs and compelling men to focus on the real personality of the woman and de-emphasising her physical beauty,’’ he said.

Aisha Yusuf-Umar, a member of the coalition, nonetheless, opined that focus on constructive engagement with relevant stakeholders and the general public would suffice in addressing the negative perception of wearing of hijab.

“The stance will help to drive the simple message that the hijab is the Muslim woman and she is the hijab.

“This is the message we will keep spreading through available means until it receives clear comprehension and accommodation and the support of those who believe in this course.

“Hijab gives the Muslim women the freewill, the ability and the choice to contribute to the public space in a way and manner that is more comfortable, unrestricted and in conformity with the values of modesty and responsibility,” she said.

Mrs. Yusuf-Umar called on Nigerians to support and solicit the right to hijab wearing to promote common humanity, encourage development and create harmony in the society.

“It is quite noteworthy that the hijab is receiving the right kind of advocacy and support in many western countries where army and police uniforms have been modified to accommodate the Muslim women’s rights.

“For instance, the U.S. Army has issued a directive allowing Muslim women to wear religious head coverings.

“Canada and Scotland in 2016 also adopted new rules allowing female police officers to wear hijab in an attempt to attract more Muslim women to the profession.

“The Police in Norway and UK also permit wearing the hijab as part of police uniform,” she observed.

She pleaded with the media to champion the course of promoting hijab wearing, noting that it would enable the local population to appreciate the universal nature of the need for positive advocacy irrespective of difference in faith or beliefs.

“We seek to reiterate our genuine concern over unnecessary hardship faced by Muslim students, female youth corps members, applicants for national and international identification documents and female employees in the corporate world because of hijab wearing,” she said.

Mrs. Yusuf-Umar, therefore, called on Muslims and others to invest time and resources in understanding and promote the common values for development, security and social justices that would further unite the country.



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  • Remi

    We do not dispute the right of anyone to dress however they
    like; just like we hope that hijab activists, and their sponsors, will also concede
    such rights to others.

    Having so argued, our contention is that Nigeria is a secular
    State and her public institutions must therefore prescribe, and enforce the use
    of, religiously-neutral dress codes; which all must obey regardless of their
    religion. Generally, dress codes are often prescribed to distinguish a group, for
    one or more of the following reasons: easy identification, authority,
    solidarity or equality. In the case of school dress codes, easy identification (with
    a particular institution) and equality before the fountain of knowledge are two
    reasons why pupils are required to wear school uniforms. For example, a pupil’s
    religion and their profession of it or their social class does not in any way
    enhance learning; if anything, we would argue that projecting it has the
    tendency to hamper learning; as it creates distractions and tend to remove the
    principle of the equality of all, at the fountain of knowledge. Additionally,
    insisting on separate uniforms for adherents of one religion is a slippery slope;
    because, adherents of other religions may start to insist on dressing in their own
    way, which may lead to a plethora of uniforms that those who started this
    argument may not like.

    If we dwelt more on the inward, as opposed to the outward,
    manifestations of our various religions, we would be far better off than we are
    today in Nigeria. However, sadly, and tragically too, the paradox of an
    outwardly deeply religious society sits with that of a “fantastically corrupt” one.
    And, we ask: what ends do all these outward manifestation of religiosity serve?

    • Debo

      Whose dress code is the present school uniform? Xian?

      • Remi

        If you are talking about the uniforms currently worn in schools – shorts/trousers and shirt for boys; long skirts and blouse or long dress both with head gear, for girls – then they are western, and not Christian. Do not forget that Christianity is an eastern religion and by implication it’s dress code should normally bear similarity with the Muslim dress code. The fact that Christianity came to Nigeria via the west, does not make it western. The west (British) had developed and established their own dress code at least 1000 years before Christianity became an influential State religion. And, in any case, the British State that created Nigeria was largely post-Christian, secular, and even atheistic; otherwise, Nigeria will not be as multi-religious as we have it today.

  • robin

    The garment of satan