How we selected beneficiaries of N5,000 stipend to poorest Nigerians- Presidency

President Muhammadu Buhari campaigning at the last presidential election
President Muhammadu Buhari campaigning at the last presidential election

Details are emerging on how the Federal Government determined the beneficiaries of the Conditional Cash Transfer who are now receiving the N5,000 monthly stipends across the 9 pilot states.

According to the Senior Special Assistant on Media & Publicity in the Office of the Vice President, Laolu Akande, the nine states are Bauchi, Borno, Cross Rivers, Ekiti, Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Osun and Oyo.

Mr. Akande clarified that reference to Ogun, instead of Osun-among the pilot states- in his last press statement on the issue was a typo.

In his press update on the progress of the Muhammadu Buhari administration’s Social Investment Programmes, SIP, over the weekend, Mr. Akande explained how the Community-Based Targeting, CBT, model of the World Bank was used two years ago to identify most of the beneficiaries in the pilot States, as the World Bank is also an active agent in the entire process.

But he added that the data collected belongs to Nigeria.

According to Mr. Akande, ” there is no way anyone can describe the selection of the beneficiaries of the CCT as partisan as the beneficiaries from eight of the nine pilot States were picked even before this administration came into office.”

“First, the officials at Federal level, working with the State officials, identify the poorest Local Government Areas, using an existing poverty map for the State, then the LG officials identify the poorest communities in the LGAs and we send our teams there.

“The first thing our team does after selection of the LGAs is to select members of the NOA, the LGA and community officials to form the CBT team. Then we train the selected officials on how to conduct Focus Group discussions at community level. These focus groups comprise of women, men, youth, as the community determines.

“After training them, the CBT teams now go to each of their communities to sensitise the leaders, including traditional rulers, on the CBT process and the necessity for objectivity and openness in the process. At that meeting, they firm up a date to convene a community meeting at a designated location within the community.

“On the set date, discussions are held in the local languages, using terminologies that resonate in that community. The CBT team will explain to the community the purpose of the gathering, i.e. to determine the parameters of poverty upon which persons can be described as poor and vulnerable within the context of that community.

“The CBT teams will then engage each group (men, women and youth) in the conversation around the criteria and parameters for determining the poorest people. The groups would then be encouraged to identify those households that fall within the criteria that the community itself determines, and told that the information is required for government’s planning purposes.

“(Various poverty criteria have been thrown up so far. In some cases, people have said it’s the number of times they eat, it’s the number of times the fumes of firewood go up from the house, the size of farmland or type of crops grown, etc.)

Then the groups resume in plenary and report back the criteria and parameters discussed.

“The CBT team would then compile the criteria and parameters and ask each group to return to their break-out sessions and now begin to identify the households in the community that have been identified as fitting the criteria and parameters.

“Once that is done at the groups, everybody comes together again with names compiled by each group. Now, when the same name is featured in at least two of the three groups, it is deemed qualified to be listed on the Social Register.

“At this stage, we now enumerate the members of the household and open a bank account for each of the caregivers by capturing the biometric data of households identified as among the poorest and vulnerable.”

According to Mr. Akande, in 8 of the nine pilot states, this process had taken place at least 2 years ago under a programme supported by the World Bank under an agreement entered into directly with the state governments, on the YESSO project. The ninth state is Borno, which was added because of the IDP situation, with the list of the beneficiaries that has been verified by the State Emergency Management Agency, SEMA.

“This is an entirely fair and transparent process and short of mischief, there is no way you can describe this process as partisan. The President is President of the entire country and the SIPs are for all Nigerians as the case may be.”

In addition to the nine pilot states, and with the release of funds for the programmes, the CBT model has now commenced in other states.

The states have been updated on the requirements for the engagement by the federal team and once the lists from states are enumerated, their details are uploaded onto a server at the Nigeria Inter-Bank Settlement System, NIBSS, which hosts the electronic platform that validates all the payments of the FG for the SIPs.

Banks have been informed that payments must be at community level, so those banks engaged for the pilot stage have in turn engaged several payment agents, to ensure cash-out to the beneficiaries in their places of residence which are distant to the bank locations.


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  • westman

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  • thusspokez

    According to the Senior Special Assistant on Media & Publicity in the Office of the Vice President

    Don’t politicians speak directly to the people who elected them anymore in Nigeria? There should be limit to the number of spokespersons that each ministry and the office of the president could have.

    This is becoming ridiculous. Even when large number of Nigerians are massacred; law enforcement officers killed; the launching of this historical N5,000 monthly stipends, there is no president to directly address the people; no ministers to directly address the people on events that come under their respective ministerial responsibilities. Did Nigerians elect spokespersons to govern them? What is going on?

    • Otile

      Do you understand the kind of English spoken by Buhari and his servant, my brother Rotimi Amaechi? Despite the fact that they said that wandaa Rotimi studied English, can you understand him?

  • thusspokez

    Mr. Akande explained how the Community-Based Targeting, CBT, model of the World Bank was used two years ago to identify most of the beneficiaries in the pilot States

    This is the MOST SHAMEFUL thing that I have heard this decade with regard to Nigeria. Simply, put, Nigeria does not have the data but is instead relying on World Bank’s own data. This is the first-class mumu-ism. And disgraceful indeed! Can’t Nigerian even collect data on its own people?

    But he added that the data collected belongs to Nigeria.

    An afterthought and an attempt to back track — albeit too late — after his depressing revelation that Nigeria does not have the necessary data and is instead relying on one borrowed from the World Bank.

    I feel terribly sad for Nigeria, reading this news report. Now, the rhetorical question is what should I do? Go and weep for Nigeria or open a bottle of red wine to console me.

    • Aloa Akan

      This is the problem I have with you ‘educated’ folks always grandstanding and very arrogant. What is difficult to understand in this write-up I don’t understand. The data you produced yourselves how many of you have faith in it? I’m talking about the Nigerian census figure that was carried out by Nigerians, did you believe it? When it suits you and the folks like you, you reel out figure or data generated by the World Bank or other international agencies. Moreso, the data for the world bank was not actually meant for this programme ab initio. It was between the state and the world bank. The federal government just keyed into the partnership since they needed such data to worked upon. It’s very mischievous and highly insincere for someone to doubt this laudable initiative to bring succour to the abandoned poor of the population.

      We already knew that you are very much at peace if the money meant for this initiative is embezzled because that it what you and your ilks are good at. Spare us your venomous sermon and let those who they deem fit benefit from the scheme. The irony of this is that even as you’re here grandstanding, one of your grannies might be a beneficiary of the scheme. So, Mr All-knowing, once again, we don’t need your balderdash.

      • thusspokez

        Moreso, the data for the world bank was not actually meant for this programme ab initio. It was between the state and the world bank.

        Do you know that unlike the mumu ways that Nigerian governments do business, the world bank must first clearly state the ‘purpose of the data’ before it collects the data.

        The World Bank wouldn’t misuse or use the data other than the purpose for which it had been collected unless it reviews and revises the original mandate for using the data. So from my understanding, I doubt that the World Bank would give the Nigerian government, its explicit permission to use its data for purpose other than for what it was collected.

        It’s very mischievous and highly insincere for someone to doubt this laudable initiative to bring succour to the abandoned poor of the population.

        Who is objecting to help to the poor? Either you too, have reading and comprehension problems or you are reacting emotionally to my comment and ignoring the salient points I made.

        We already knew that you are very much at peace if the money meant for this initiative is embezzled because that it what you and your ilks are good at

        Yes, that is because you know me too well, stµpid!

        • Aloa Akan

          Do you know that unlike the mumu ways that Nigerian governments do
          business, the world bank first state the ‘purpose of the data’ before it
          collects the data?

          See the person who is accusing another of comprehension problem. In simple terms, World Bank didn’t set up to collect this data for the purpose of the FG’s Social Intervention Programme. The data collection started right before this administration came in the first place. The FG just keyed-in into this World Bank/State partnership since embarking on another data collection would amount to duplication of tasks and waste of scarce resources. 8 out of the 9 pilot states already have a social register that can be used. The FG just made used of the register since it was prepared using your so-called world best practices as it was prepared in collaboration with the World Bank. Is this too difficult for you to understand or you just want to speak so that people will know you could speak, eh thusspokez?

          • thusspokez

            In simple terms, World Bank didn’t set up to collect this data for the purpose of the FG’s Social Intervention Programme.

            Isn’t this a point I alluded to, in my comment? Gosh! you seem to have reading and comprehension problems.

      • persona

        The essence of a pilot scheme is this: Take basic assumptions to test hypothesis and begin to draw “implementable” plans around that and ensure refinement towards a more stable system.
        For those attacking FG with no data and using the one available from a world bank study, they missed the fact that the figures were adapted and the spokesman did state categorically that the WB is involved in this process now. How will anyone then assume that FG didn’t seek approval for the figures used?
        I think we need to begin to see this as first a failure of LG, State then FG in the past but they have taken a sample data and working with it. I just don’t get it when Nigerian blame lack thereof and when then basics are provided, we still blame such initiatives. For Fayose, he wasn’t even aware that while he was governor, WB had done such a study under his nose and yet he comes out to make a mockery of a laudable initiative.
        The naysayers will always castigate whatever is done simply because they didn’t expect them to even begin the campaign promise and the brain power deployed to get things rolling is indicative that this administration may be more organized than some of us assumed.

        • thusspokez

          they missed the fact that the figures were adapted and the spokesman did state categorically that the WB is involved in this process now. How will anyone then assume that FG didn’t seek approval for the figures used?

          You are clearly been lied to by the government spokesperson when he said: “the “World Bank(WB) is also an active agent in the entire process”.

          The World bank (WB) is involved in a different project called “One Million Lives Initiative Program-for-Results (PforR)” — which was launched by the Minister of Health as reported on the WB website in October 2016:

          “Over the last six months, program implementation activities have ramped up with disbursements to both states and Federal Government and a colorful official Launch of the Program by the Honorable Minister of Health. “

          “The objective of the Saving One Million Lives Initiative Program-for-Results (PforR) Project for Nigeria is to increase the utilization and quality of high impact reproductive, child health, and nutrition interventions.”

          The Nigerian government Social Investment Programmes (SIP) is a different project from the WB PforR. What both have in common is saving Nigerian lives. It is however, dishonest to claim that because the WB is active agent in PforR, by implication, it is also an active agent in the SIP.

          • persona

            But did you not read where they said that the WB had delivered on this project 2 years ago?
            They are not saying that the report is new, what they said is they are active based on the merit that they gave them the report of the study conducted. If WB is not involved, how will they have access to not only the result or the methodology adopted?
            The methodology included basis such as how the poor were determined such as how many times the cooking smoke arose from houses. You will also note that had they not due access to the report and participation of the same participants WB used while adopting their reports.

          • thusspokez

            They are lying to you about the WB involvement. If I don’t have a business to run or I am a journalist, I would find a way to email the WB public relation department to affirm or deny the the fibs that the Nigerian government spokesperson is telling Nigerians.

            The methodology included basis such as how the poor were determined such as how many times the cooking smoke arose from houses.

            Where did you read this on this page or you are one of the government ‘spine doctors’ ?

          • persona

            If you haven’t written to ascertain, how then do you know its a lie?

            As regards where the methodology came from: “(Various poverty criteria have been thrown up so far. In some cases, people have said it’s the number of times they eat, it’s the number of times the fumes of firewood go up from the house, the size of farmland or type of crops grown, etc.)

            What you need to understand is this: This is a pilot scheme and such pilots are used to “fine tune”. Fayose himself was not aware that WB was doing this good work.

            Whatever the case, they seem to have access to significant organization about how they went about it, it should tell you that they acted on verifiable data.

            If the health project is what you suppose was adapted, how come they are addressing cooking and meal times?
            This should not degenerate into labels as you suggested but please note that you are entitled to your viewpoint. They cant convince you any further and I am simply happy that some logic went into the campaign promise and that is good enough in a pilot scheme. I has criticized the govt on how they will get data to establish poverty index needed for the disbursement. The use of NIBSS also indicate that BVN and verification is adapted from the benchmark. The SA clearly owned his error by saying Ogun was a typo in place of Osun. It suggests to me that they take responsibilities for their errors and that is fair enough. They don’t need to drag WB not after the plagiarism scandal, I will applaud them for the promise and the initiative following.

          • thusspokez

            If you haven’t written to ascertain, how then do you know its a lie?

            Because I know how institutions in western countries are run — certainly not the chaotic and mumu ways that governments in Nigeria run things. It is a different world over there!

            What you need to understand is this: This is a pilot scheme and such pilots are used to “fine tune”. Fayose himself was not aware that WB was doing this good work.

            Pilot scheme in the nine states, namely Bauchi, Borno, Cross Rivers, Ekiti, Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Osun and Oyo? Not in one local government or state but 9 states?

            I have seen and conducted many pilot projects as precursor to the real projects, but I never seen this sort of large-scale project [excuse me : “pilot” project!]. Obviouisly, in Nigeria, you have a different understanding of, or what constitutes, pilot project from the rest of mankind.

            If the health project is what you suppose was adapted, how come they are addressing cooking and meal times?

            Well, ask yourself or go to the WB website and read about the projects it is running in Nigeria.

            This Nigerian government is disseminating tosh — which it, no doubt, expects its ignorant population to accept without questions.

            I don’t know what Nigerians do when they go online. So much information and knowledge and yet they readily accept ogogoro bar gossips, inuedos and government damn lies. WAKE UP YOU! Why don’t you go to the WB website and get some more information?

    • serubawon70

      just stay sad because the poor people will continue to get this help

      • thusspokez

        Who is objecting to the poor getting help? I guess that like some people on this website you have reading and comprehension problems.

    • Broadway2

      Na wa for u ooo. Dem no do the thing, you complained. Dem do am now, you still dey complain. Which level u dey. If technology is introduced as in other advanced countries, how many poor people are on the Internet?

  • thusspokez

    “The first thing our team does after selection of the LGAs is to select members of the NOA, the LGA and community officials to form the CBT team. Then we train the selected officials on how to conduct Focus Group discussions at community level. These focus groups comprise of women, men, youth, as the community determines.

    This man is talking complete tosh! He makes no sense. Where, in the world has any country used such primitive process in the setting up a benefit payment system?

    “After training them, the CBT teams now go to each of their communities to sensitise the leaders, including traditional rulers, on the CBT process and the necessity for objectivity and openness in the process. At that meeting, they firm up a date to convene a community meeting at a designated location within the community.

    The mumu continues!

    On the set date, discussions are held in the local languages, using terminologies that resonate in that community. The CBT team will explain to the community the purpose of the gathering, i.e. to determine the parameters of poverty upon which persons can be described as poor and vulnerable within the context of that community.

    Still, the mumu continues!

    “The CBT teams will then engage each group (men, women and youth) in the conversation around the criteria and parameters for determining the poorest people. The groups would then be encouraged to identify those households that fall within the criteria that the community itself determines, and told that the information is required for government’s planning purposes.

    Look! The mumu is still going on and on!

    Other governments in the world have well-tested methodologies, standards, processes, procedures, guidelines that are used as benchmarks to formulate and implement policies, process quality, etc., but what does Nigeria have? Chaos, and primitive ways suited to running villages.